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Table 2 Nutrient composition of feed day and fast day meals during each phase of the trial1

From: Dietary and physical activity adaptations to alternate day modified fasting: implications for optimal weight loss

  Pre-loss control phase2 Weight loss/ADMF controlled feeding phase Weight loss/ADMF self-selected feeding phase
   Feed day2 Fast day3 Feed day2 Fast day2
Energy (kcal) 1937 ± 180 1792 ± 228 413 ± 20 1645 ± 187 588 ± 46
Protein (% kcal) 18 ± 1 18 ± 1 23 ± 1 19 ± 1 20 ± 1
Carbohydrate (% kcal) 46 ± 3 47 ± 3 52 ± 0 46 ± 2 51 ± 3
Total fat (% kcal) 36 ± 5a 36 ± 6a 25 ± 1b 33 ± 4b 29 ± 1b
   Saturated fat (% kcal) 11 ± 1a 10 ± 1a 6 ± 1b 7 ± 1b 9 ± 1a
   Monounsaturated fat (% kcal) 11 ± 1 12 ± 1 11 ± 1 13 ± 1 8 ± 1
   Polyunsaturated fat (% kcal) 10 ± 2 11 ± 1 8 ± 1 10 ± 1 9 ± 1
   Trans fat (% kcal) 4 ± 1a 3 ± 1a 0b 3 ± 1a 3 ± 1a
Cholesterol (mg) 249 ± 46a 239 ± 24a 68 ± 3b 223 ± 27a 73 ± 9b
Cholesterol (mg/kcal) 0.13 ± 0 0.13 ± 0 0.17 ± 0 0.14 ± 0 0.12 ± 0
Fiber (g) 16 ± 2a 12 ± 2a 10 ± 1b 15 ± 1a 7 ± 1b
Fiber (g/kcal) 0.008 ± 0 0.008 ± 0 0.02 ± 0 0.009 ± 0 0.01 ± 0
  1. 1 Values reported as mean ± SEM. Values in the same row with different superscript letters are significantly different, P <0.05 (One-factor ANOVA with Bonferroni analysis).
  2. 2 Food intake self-reported each week using 3-d food record.
  3. 3 Food was provided on the fast day during the controlled feeding phase.