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Table 1 Effects of carbohydrate mouth rinse on performance in endurance exercise

From: Carbohydrate mouth rinse: does it improve endurance exercise performance?

Reference Type Of Activity/Exercise Protocol Mouth Rinse Protocol Nutritional Status Performance Results
Carter et al [15] Cycling/1 hour at 75% Wmáx 6,4% Malto (25 mL) every 12,5% of the trial completed 4-hour fasting - 2,9% TT/+ 2,7% W
Whitham & McKinney [24] Running/"self-paced" 45 min 6% Malto (200 mL) before and every 6 min of trial 4-hour fasting after standard diet No difference
Rollo et al [23] Running/10 min at 60% VO2máx - 30 min according to "hard pace" RPE in Borg Scale 6% Glucose (25 mL) before and every 5 min of trial Overnight Fasting + 1,7% distance
Pottier et al [23] Cycling/1 hour at 75% Wmáx 6% CHO-electrolyte solution (1.5 mL/kg b.w.) before and every 12,5% of the trial completed 3-hour fasting - 3,7% TT/+ 3,3% W
Chambers et al [20] Cycling/1 hour at 75% Wmáx 6,4% Malto (25 mL) before and every 12,5% of the trial completed 6-hour fasting/overnight fasting - 2,9% TT/+ 2,7% W
Beelen et al [25] Cycling/1 hour at 75% Wmáx 6,4% Malto (25 mL) before and every 12,5% of the trial completed 2-hour fasting after standard diet No difference
  1. Malto - Maltodextrin; RPE - Rate of Perceived Exertion; TT - Time Trial; VO2máx - Maximal Aerobic Capacity; W - Average Power Output; Wmáx - Maximal Power Output