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Table 1 The characteristics of study sample (n = 400)

From: Consumption of fruit and vegetables among elderly people: a cross sectional study from Iran

  No (%) FV serving/day
Mean (SD)
P*
Age    0.003
60-64 255 (63.8) 1.83 (1.18)  
65-69 87 (21.7) 1.73 (1.10)  
70-74 47 (11.75) 1.52 (1.04)  
75-79 8 (2) 1.53 (0.88)  
80-84 2 (0.5) 0.57 (0.61)  
>85 1 (0.25) 0.29 (0.29)  
Gender    0.81
Male 102 (25.5) 1.74 (1.16)  
Female 298 (74.5) 1.77 (1.50)  
Education    < 0.001
Illiterate 165 (41.2) 1.63 (0.96)  
Primary 143 (35.8) 1.74 (1.15)  
Junior secondary 64 (17) 1.57 (0.98)  
Senior secondary 22 (5.5) 3.15 (1.73)  
College 6.0 (1.5) 2.98 (1.54)  
Marital status    < 0.001
Married 230(55) 1.95(1.16)  
Widowed/divorced 170 (45) 1.51(1.08)  
Economic Status    < 0.001
Low (0-3 assets) 306 (76.5) 1.68 (1.03)  
Intermediate (4-6 assets) 65 (16.3) 1.57 (0.99)  
High (8 or more assets) 29 (7.3) 3.34 (1.52)  
Employment status    0.58
Employed 54 (13.5) 1.91 (1.04)  
Housewife 283 (70.8) 1.73 (1.11)  
Retired 63 (15.7) 1.79 (1.41)  
BMI    < 0.001
<25 106 (26.5) 2.78 (1.15)  
25-29 192 (48) 1.66 (0.74)  
≥ 30 103 (25.5) 0.92 (1.01)  
Stage of change (n = 386)    < 0.001
Precontemplation 283(73.4) 1.63 (0.98)  
Contemplation 76 (19.6) 1.47 (0.94)  
Preparation 27 (7.00) 2.28 (0.68)  
Action 6.0 (1.50) 5.0 (0.00)  
Maintenance 8.0 (2) 5.25 (0.70)  
Chronic disease    < 0.001
Yes 197 (49.25) 2.03 (1.29)  
No 203 (50.75) 1.49 (0.92)  
  1. * Derived from independent samples t-test and one was analysis of variance (ANOVA).