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Table 3 Anthropometric Measures at Week 0 and Week 40

From: Efficacy of a meal replacement diet plan compared to a food-based diet plan after a period of weight loss and weight maintenance: a randomized controlled trial

Measurement Week MD Group
Mean ± SD
Within Group
Δ p-value
Week FB Group
Mean ± SD
Within Group
Δ p-value
Between Group
Δ p-value
Weight 0 (n = 45) 111.6 ± 25.7 p < 0.0001 0 (n = 45) 104.1 ± 17.1 p = 0.004 p = 0.18
(kgs)* 40 (n = 26) 103.6 ± 25.2   40 (n = 20) 96.2 ± 19.6   
BMI 0 (n = 45) 38.5 ± 6.8 p < 0.0001 0 (n = 45) 37.8 ± 4.5 p = 0.003 p = 0.18
(kg/m2) 40 (n = 26) 35.6 ± 7.4   40 (n = 20) 35.0 ± 6.2   
Waist 0 (n = 45) 116.6 ± 15.5 p < 0.0001 0 (n = 45) 114.2 ± 15.0 p = 0.121 p = 0.026
Circumference (cm) 40 (n = 25) 106.4 ± 17.3   40 (n = 17) 109.9 ± 15.4   
Body Fat (%)* 0 (n = 45) 42.8 ± 7.7 p < 0.0001 0 (n = 45) 44.1 ± 6.4 p = 0.103 p = 0.074
  40 (n = 26) 39.9 ± 8.1   40 (n = 20) 40.7 ± 9.1   
Lean Muscle 0 (n = 41) 56.8 ± 11.4 p = 0.008 0 (n = 41) 53.3 ± 8.7 p = 0.009 p = 0.795
Mass (kg) 40 (n = 24) 55.0 ± 10.0   40 (n = 20) 53.2 ± 10.0   
Visceral Fat 0 (n = 41) 13.8 ± 3.8 p < 0.0001 0 (n = 41) 13.7 ± 5.0 p = 0.039 p = 0.102
Rating 40 (n = 24) 12.0 ± 4.2   40 (n = 20) 13.7 ± 6.0   
Systolic BP 0 (n = 45) 125.4 ± 13.9 p = 0.009 0 (n = 45) 125.8 ± 13.6 p = 0.016 p = 0.373
(mmHg) 40 (n = 26) 117.2 ± 13.7   40 (n = 20) 116.7 ± 14.8   
Diastolic BP (mmHg) 0 (n = 45) 83.2 ± 9.5 p = 0.009 0 (n = 45) 82.6 ± 10.2 p = 0.618 p = 0.053
(mmHg) 40 (n = 26) 75.1 ± 10.6   40 (n = 20) 78.5 ± 9.2   
Pulse 0 (n = 45) 76.4 ± 9.3 p = 0.004 0 (n = 45) 73.9 ± 9.2 p = 0.025 p = 0.324
(bpm) 40 (n = 26) 69.8 ± 8.4   40 (n = 20) 72.4 ± 6.8   
  1. Δ = Change from baseline to 40 weeks.
  2. * = Primary outcomes. All others are secondary outcomes.