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Table 2 Anthropometric Measures at Week 0 and Week 16

From: Efficacy of a meal replacement diet plan compared to a food-based diet plan after a period of weight loss and weight maintenance: a randomized controlled trial

Measurement Week MD Group
Mean ± SD
Within Group
Δ p-value
Week FB Group
Mean ± SD
Within Group
Δ p-value
Between Group
Δ p-value
Weight (kgs)* 0 (n = 45) 111.6 ± 25.7 p < 0.0001 0 (n = 45) 104.1 ± 17.1 p < 0.0001 p = 0.001
  16 (n = 28) 98.0 ± 23.9   16 (n = 20) 95.4 ± 18.9   
BMI (kg/m2) 0 (n = 45) 38.5 ± 6.8 p < 0.0001 0 (n = 45) 37.8 ± 4.5 p = 0.001 p = 0.001
  16 (n = 28) 33.8 ± 6.6   16 (n = 20) 34.7 ± 5.9   
Waist 0 (n = 45) 116.6 ± 15.5 p < 0.0001 0 (n = 45) 114.2 ± 15.0 p = 0.003 p = 0.028
Circumference (cm) 16 (n = 26) 104.5 ± 16.9   16 (n = 20) 104.9 ± 14.9   
Body Fat (%)* 0 (n = 45) 42.8 ± 7.7 p < 0.0001 0(n = 45) 44.1 ± 6.4 p = 0.268 p < 0.0001
  16 (n = 27) 37.5 ± 8.8   16 (n = 20) 41.0 ± 7.6   
Lean Muscle 0 (n = 41) 56.8 ± 11.4 p < 0.0001 0 (n = 41) 53.3 ± 8.7 p = 0.003 p = 0.56
Mass (kgs) 16 (n = 25) 55.0 ± 10.4   16 (n = 20) 52.8 ± 9.4   
Visceral Fat 0 (n = 41) 13.8 ± 3.8 p < 0.0001 0 (n = 41) 13.7 ± 5.0 p = 0.081 p < 0.0001
Rating 16 (n = 25) 10.6 ± 3.5   16 (n = 20) 14.2 ± 6.1   
Systolic BP 0 (n = 45) 125.4 ± 13.9 p < 0.0001 0 (n = 45) 125.8 ± 13.6 p = 0.003 p = 0.667
(mmHg) 16 (n = 28) 113.6 ± 14.3   16 (n = 20) 115.8 ± 12.3   
Diastolic BP 0 (n = 45) 83.2 ± 9.5 p = 0.001 0 (n = 45) 82.6 ± 10.2 p = 0.016 p = 0.622
(mmHg) 16 (n = 28) 74.2 ± 8.8   16 (n = 20) 74.2 ± 6.8   
Pulse, 0 (n = 45) 76.4 ± 9.3 p = 0.001 0 (n = 45) 73.9 ± 9.2 p = 0.011 p = 0.112
(bpm) 16 (n = 26) 67.2 ± 8.6   16 (n = 19) 71.2 ± 8.1   
  1. Δ = Change from baseline to 16 weeks.
  2. * = Primary outcomes. All others are secondary outcomes.