Skip to main content

Table 3 Daily dietary intakes of macronutrients in infertile women assessed using the food frequency questionnaire (FFQ).

From: Dietary intakes in infertile women a pilot study

Variables   Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) GROUP A1 n = 10
(mean ± sd)
GROUP B2 n = 8
(mean ± sd)
Energy Intake     
Energy (kcal/d)    2010.1 ± 492.1 2471.2 ± 676.1
Energy intake/BMR    1.58 ± 0.44 1.67 ± 0.46
Energy (kcal/FFMkg/d)    54.3 ± 16.4 62.5 ± 19.8
Daily Intakes (% energy)     
Protein   10-35 a 16.7 ± 3.9 16.1 ± 2.3
Fat   20-35a 32.0 ± 9.1 33.8 ± 3.7
Carbohydrate   45-65 a 50.6 ± 7.4 53.0 ± 5.0
Daily Intakes (g/d)     
Protein   38b 82.9 ± 21.7 96.7 ± 19.4
Fat   NDb 71.7 ± 26.1 91.7 ± 22.5
  Animal fat   32.0 ± 18.4 49.3 ± 15.5 *
  Saturated fat   21.4 ± 9.9 30.8 ± 8.9 *
  Monounsaturated fat   34.9 ± 13.4 43.6 ± 10.7
  Polyunsaturated fat   11.0 ± 7.7 12.0 ± 3.6
  Cholesterol (mg/d)   291.6 ± 115.1 347.5 ± 108.7
Carbohydrates   100 b 256.6 ± 82.9 331.4 ± 116.6
  Starch   130.4 ± 61.1 168.2 ± 64.9
  Soluble sugars   125.7 ± 56.4 162.7 ± 63.2
Fiber   25 b 24.3 ± 5.1 24.4 ± 8.1
Glycemic load    107.4 ± 45.9 128.8 ± 57.0
Glycemic index    52.2 ± 2.7 54.5 ± 3.8
Water (ml/d)   2700 c 1675.7 ± 690.0 1606.8 ± 698.5
Alcohol    9.5 ± 15.7 1.6 ± 1.6
Daily Intakes (g/FFMkg/d)     
Protein    2.2 ± 0.7 2.4 ± 0.6
Fat    1.9 ± 0.8 2.3 ± 0.7
  Animal fat   0.9 ± 0.5 1.3 ± 0.5
  Saturated fat   0.6 ± 0.3 0.8 ± 0.3
  Monounsaturated fat   0.9 ± 0.4 1.1 ± 0.3
  Polyunsaturated fat   0.3 ± 0.2 0.3 ± 0.1
  Cholesterol (mg/FFMkg/d)   7.9 ± 3.4 8.9 ± 3.3
Carbohydrates    6.9 ± 2.6 8.4 ± 3.2
  Starch   3.6 ± 1.9 4.2 ± 1.7
  Soluble sugars   3.4 ± 1.6 4.1 ± 1.7
  1. Energy intake/BMR: ratio of reported energy intake to basal metabolic rate
  2. 1 hypothalamic amenorrhea; 2 polycystic ovary syndrome
  3. aAcceptable Macronutrients Distribution Ranges
  4. bEstimated Average Requirements for normal-weight women, age range 19-30
  5. c Adequate Intakes for normal-weight women, age range 19-30
  6. * p < 0.05, mean values were significantly different between group A and group B