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Table 1 Pre- & Posttest Daily Intake of Beverage by Gender (Means ± Standard Errors, Repeated Measures Analysis)

From: Evaluation of effectiveness of class-based nutrition intervention on changes in soft drink and milk consumption among young adults

  Gender (n) Pretest (fl.oz) Mean (SE) Posttest (fl.oz) Mean (SE) p-value
Total soft drink     
  Male (9) 8.53 (3.29) 4.74 (2.27) 0.093
  Female (70) 4.94 (0.84) 3.62 (0.62) 0.100
  Estimated Marginal Mean 6.73 (1.30) 4.18 (0.95) 0.033*
Regular soft drink     
  Male (8) 5.33 (3.36) 2.96 (2.28) 0.145
  Female (70) 2.11 (0.45) 1.28 (0.41) 0.072
  Estimated Marginal Mean 3.72 (0.86) 2.30 (0.72) 0.051
Diet soft drink     
  Male (9) 3.79 (2.31) 1.78 (1.35) 0.346
  Female (70) 2.83 (0.74) 2.30 (0.54) 0.490
  Estimated Marginal Mean 3.31 (1.11) 2.04 (0.79) 0.263
Total milk     
  Male (9) 6.62 (2.32) 6.63 (2.41) 0.997
  Female (70) 4.18 (0.71) 6.23 (0.85) 0.022*
  Estimated Marginal Mean 5.40 (1.07) 6.43 (1.26) 0.433
Whole milk     
  Male (9) 0.00 0.00 1.000
  Female (69) 0.58 (0.31) 0.13 (0.13) 0.149
  Estimated Marginal Mean 0.29 (0.44) 0.07 (0.19) 0.621
Low fat milk     
  Male (9) 6.18 (2.42) 1.70 (1.11) 0.020*
  Female (69) 2.16 (0.52) 2.09 (0.54) 0.918
  Estimated Marginal Mean 4.17 (0.84) 1.90 (0.77) 0.027*
Fat free milk     
  Male (9) 0.44 (1.33) 4.93 (7.75) 0.052
  Female (69) 1.67 (0.51) 3.54 (0.78) 0.026*
  Estimated Marginal Mean 1.06 (0.71) 4.23 (1.18) 0.010*
  1. *demonstrates significant difference P ≤ 0.05