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Table 7 Demographic and health-related factors associated with the healthier eating pattern (logistic regression)

From: Dietary patterns and quality in West-African immigrants in Madrid

  'Western' pattern 'Healthier' pattern OR (95%CI) p
Sex %     
   Men 42.9 32.4 1.00  
   Women 57.1 67.6 1.66 (0.79–3.5) 0.18
Age %     
   < 30 y 52,1% 12,7% 1.00  
   30–44 y 34,3% 53,5% 5.96 (2.38–14.9) < .001
   45 y+ 13,6% 33,8% 6.34 (1.99–17.37) < .001
Years in Spain %     
   < 6 y 43.6% 28.2% 1.00  
   6–10 39.3% 25.4% 0.76 (0.32–1.82) 0.54
   11+ 17.1% 46.5% 2.76 (1.16–6.57) 0.02
Smoking status %     
   Non-smoker 92.1 80.3 1.00  
   Ex-smoker 4.3 9.9 2.69 (0.71–10.27) 0.15
   Current smoker 3.6 9.9 2.08 (0.42–10.36) 0.37
Regular physical exercise %     
   No 44.9 43.7 1.00  
   Yes 55.1 56.3 1.1 (0.54–2.23) 0.79
Consumption of traditional foods %     
   ≤ once/wk 35.7 31.0 1.00  
   2–4 times/wk 43.6 42.3 1.0 (0.44–2.26) 1.0
   ≥ 5 times/wk 20.7 26.8 1.03 (.40–2.67) .95
BMI status %     
   Normal 84.4 76.1 1.00  
   Obese (BMI > 30) 15.6 23.9 0.85 (0.36–2.05) 0.72
Self-reported health %     
   Very good 22.6 16.2 1.00  
   Good 48.9 41.2 0.74 (0.28–1.95) 0.54
   Fair/poor 28.6 42.6 1.21 (0.43–3.44) 0.72
Self-reported CVD conditions %*     
   No 85.7% 66.2% 1.00  
   Yes 14.3% 33.8% 1.51 (0.56–3.48) 0.48
  1. *Self-reported diabetes, hypertension, cardiac disease, high cholesterol