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Table 5 Micronutrient density (nutrient/1000 kcal) and total intake adequacy according to subjects' dietary patterns

From: Dietary patterns and quality in West-African immigrants in Madrid

  Micronutrient density of diet (per 1000 kcal) Criteria for intake adequacy (FAO/WHO) % of subjects with adequate intake
  'Western' pattern 'Healthier' Pattern   'Western' pattern 'Healthier' pattern
Calcium (mg) 390 481*** 1000 for ♂, 1000 for ♀ of 19–50 y, 1300 for ♀ ≥ 51 y 35 45.1
Iron (mg) 9.3 10.3*** 11 for ♂, 24 for ♀ 19–50 y, 9 for ♀ ≥ 51 y 63.6 63.4
Thiamine (mg) 0.66 0.68 1.2 for ♂, 1.1 for ♀ 90* 78.9
Riboflavin (mg) 0.94 1.08*** 1.3 for ♂, 1.1 for ♀ 97.1 98.6
Niacin (mg) 10.3 12.1*** 16 for ♂, 14 for ♀ 97.1 94.4
Folate (FE) 137 180*** 400 22.1 43.7**
Vitamin B12 (μg) 4.9 6.1* 2.4 99.3 100
Vitamin A (RE) 713 889* 600 for ♂, 500 for ♀ 95.7 98.6
Vitamin C (mg) 52 70*** 45 97.1 100
Vitamin E (ATE) 5.5 5.9** 7.5 for ♀; 10 for ♂ 94.3 90.1
  1. FE = folate equivalents RE = Retinol equivalents ATE = Alpha-tocopherol equivalents
  2. * p < 0.05 ** p < 0.01 *** p < 0.001 t-test