Skip to main content

Table 1 Physical activity level (PAL) energy cost expressed as multiples of the Basal Metabolic Rate (WHO, 1985) with definition and examples.

From: Physical activity, energy requirements, and adequacy of dietary intakes of older persons in a rural Filipino community

Sedentary to moderate activities (PAL Energy Cost 1.40 to 1.99)
Sleeping* 8 hours of sleep 1.0
Commuting Commuting to/from work or farm on the bus or jeepney 1.2
Leisure activities Light leisure activities, watching television, chatting 1.4
Sitting Sitting, office work, selling produce, tending shop 1.5
Eating Eating 1.5
Vigorous activities (PAL Energy Cost 2.0 to 2.4)
Driving Driving car or jeepney to/from work or farm 2.0
Cooking Cooking 2.1
Standing Standing carrying light loads, waiting on tables, arranging merchandise 2.2
Personal care Personal care, dressing, showering 2.3
Chores Non-mechanized domestic chores, sweeping, washing clothes, doing dishes by hand 2.3
Hard work (PAL Energy Cost >2.5)
Household work General household work 2.8
Walking Walking at varying paces without a load 3.2
Agricultural work Non-mechanical agricultural work, planting, weeding, gathering 4.1
Carrying load Collecting water or wood 4.4
  1. *8 hours of sleep is equivalent to 1.0 energy cost