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Table 2 Mean psychosocial scale scores and fat intakes by participant characteristics (n = 658)

From: Psychosocial correlates of dietary fat intake in African-American adults: a cross-sectional study

   Mean Scale Score1 Fat Screener (g/day)2  
Characteristic N (%)4 Predisposing Reinforcing Enabling Total Fat Saturated Fat Fat-related diet habits scale score3
Sex        
Male 271 (41%) 2.23 2.24 2.23 33.5 12.8 2.92
Female 378 (57%) 2.26 2.05 2.13 30.0 11.1 2.93
Overall p value   0.42 0.09 0.01 0.09 0.008 0.59
Age (years)        
   20–34 154 (23%) 2.16 2.04 2.13 38.8 15.1 2.95
   35–49 286 (43%) 2.25 2.15 2.13 31.5 11.7 2.96
   50–70 218 (33%) 2.30 2.17 2.26 26.1 9.6 2.87
p for trend   0.005 0.01 <0.001 0.01 <0.001 0.03
Education        
< High School 146 (23%) 2.11 2.06 2.15 37.2 13.9 3.01
Some College 256 (40%) 2.22 2.13 2.14 31.3 11.7 2.94
College graduate 168 (26%) 2.31 2.17 2.22 27.9 10.7 2.88
Advanced Degree 74 (11%) 2.45 2.15 2.23 28.7 10.6 2.83
Overall p value   <0.001 0.69 0.26 0.69 <0.001 <0.001
Body Mass Index (kg/m 2 )        
Normal (18.5–24.9) 151 (24%) 2.34 2.16 2.08 32.8 12.6 2.99
Overweight (25–29.9) 227 (35%) 2.41 2.11 2.04 29.5 11.1 2.91
Obese (≥ 30) 266 (41%) 2.36 2.13 2.01 32.8 12.2 2.91
p for trend   0.97 0.48 0.08 0.84 0.85 0.04
Marital Status        
Single 177 (27%) 2.23 1.99 2.11 34.7 13.2 2.94
Married/Living with partner 368 (56%) 2.45 2.22 2.22 30.2 11.4 2.92
Separated or Divorced 88 (13%) 2.23 2.01 2.11 30.8 11.3 2.94
Widowed 19 (3%) 2.38 2.28 2.10 26.8 9.2 2.76
Overall p value   0.45 0.21 0.03 0.21 0.03 0.54
Perceived Health Status        
Excellent 67 (10%) 2.34 2.23 2.28 30.9 12.0 2.83
Very Good 214 (33%) 2.30 2.13 2.24 28.3 10.6 2.90
Good 260 (40%) 2.22 2.12 2.14 31.4 11.8 2.93
Fair 93 (14%) 2.17 2.08 2.04 37.0 13.9 3.03
Poor 13 (2%) 2.04 2.23 2.15 50.3 17.8 2.91
Overall p value 0.002 0.004 0.004 0.004 0.001 0.02  
  1. 1Psychosocial scales were created by combining responses to individual questions (least healthy responses scored the lowest and the healthiest responses scored the highest).
  2. 2 Fat intake was estimated using 13-item Block fat screener.
  3. 3The fat-related diet habits scale score was calculated using responses to 12 items about dietary behaviors; a higher number corresponds to higher fat intake.
  4. 4Numbers may not add up to 658 and percentages may not add up to 100% due to rounding and missing data.