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Table 3 Diet Record Analysis Data

From: Fatty acid status and behavioural symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in adolescents: A case-control study

Dietary Variable ADHD Group (n = 11) Control Group (n = 8) p value
Total Energy (kcal) 2651.0 ± 458.1 * 2051.4 ± 407.0 0.009
Protein (g) 90.9 ± 19.0 * 73.0 ± 17.0 0.049
Carbohydrates (g) 356.9 ± 68.1 * 271.1 ± 59.6 0.011
Total Fat (g) 99.4 ± 21.8 * 76.7 ± 13.6 0.013
   Saturated Fat (g) 38.1 ± 9.1 * 28.3 ± 8.2 0.027
   Monounsaturated Fat (g) 30.9 ± 8.6 24.1 ± 6.4 NS
   Polyunsaturated Fat (g) 10.8 ± 4.0 9.7 ± 4.3 NS
Total omega-3 (g) 0.72 ± 0.31 0.76 ± 0.37 NS
   Alpha Linolenic Acid (g) 0.66 ± 0.28 0.71 ± 0.36 NS
   Eicosapentaenoic Acid (mg) 22 ± 54 14 ± 17 NS
   Docosahexaenoic Acid (mg) 31 ± 53 39 ± 47 NS
Total omega-6 (g) 6.82 ± 3.79 6.86 ± 3.85 NS
   Linoleic Acid (g) 6.78 ± 3.79 6.81 ± 3.84 NS
   Arachidonic Acid (mg) 38 ± 19 51 ± 35 NS
omega-6: omega 3 9.47 9.03 NS
Vitamin B1 (mg) 1.8 ± 0.3 * 1.4 ± 0.4 0.019
Vitamin B2 (mg) 2.3 ± 0.7 * 1.5 ± 0.4 0.01
Iron (mg) 21.7 ± 7.0 * 12.5 ± 3.4 0.002
Sodium (mg) 4001 ± 931* 3119 ± 755 0.042
Calcium (mg) 1050 ± 282 798 ± 239 NS
Zinc (mg) 13 ± 5 9 ± 3 NS
  1. Data represents daily consumption as averaged from 7-day diet records. Values are reported as mean ± SD. * Significantly different from control group (p < 0.05)