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Table 3 Effect of treatments on anthropometry and body composition in the different groups *

From: An increase of cereal intake as an approach to weight reduction in children is effective only when accompanied by nutrition education: a randomized controlled trial

  1 dose of RTEC 2 doses of RTEC 1 dose of RTEC + Nutrition education guide Control
N 46 48 45 39
Weight (Kg)     
Initial 47.0 (43.0, 51.1) 47.7 (43.6, 51.8) 47.0 (43.2, 50.8) 48.2 (44.04, 52.3)
Final 47.92 (43.9, 52.0) 48.6 (44.6, 52.7) 46.08 (42.5, 49.7) 49.30 (45.2, 53.4)
Unadjusted change 0.9 (0.4, 1.4) ‡ 0.9 (0.3, 1.5) ‡ -0.9 (-2.2, 0.5) § 1.2 (0.8, 1.5) ‡
Adjusted change † 1.03 (0.3, 1.7) 0.6 (-0.1, 1.3) -1.01 (-1.7, -0.3) ** 1.2 (0.4, 2.0)
BMI(Kg/M2)     
Initial 23.7 (22.7, 24.8) 24.3 (23.1, 25.5) 24.1 (23.1, 25.2) 24.3 (23.2, 25.4)
Final 23.8 (22.6, 24.9) 24.1 (22.8, 25.3) 23.2 (22.3, 24.1) 24.3 (23.2, 25.4)
Unadjusted change 0.04 (-0.3, 0.4) -0.2 (-0.5, 0.1) -1.0 (-1.7, -0.2) ‡, § 0.02 (-0.1, 0.2)
Adjusted change † 0.1 (-0.3, 0.4) -0.3 (-0.7, 0.1) -0.9 (-1.2, -0.5) ** 0.01 (-0.4, 0.4)
Total Body Fat (%)     
Initial 23.6 (20.6, 26.6) 25.9 (22.8, 28.9) 24.4 (21.6, 27.3) 27.1 (23.9, 30.2)
Final 24.1 (20.9, 27.2) 25.5 (22.5, 28.5) 23.7 (20.7, 26.7) 27.5 (24.5, 30.5)
Unadjusted change 0.5 (-0.1, 1.1) -0.4 (-1.0, 0.3) -0.7 (-1.7, 0.3) § 0.4 (-0.4, 1.2)
Adjusted change † 0.4 (-0.4, 1.1) -0.5 (-1.3, 0.3) -0.8 (-1.6, -0.04) †† 0.4 (-0.5, 1.4)
  1. * Values are means (95% Confidence Interval).
  2. † Estimated mean change adjusted for initial value, gender, school random effect and significant interactions.
  3. ‡Difference between initial and final is significant at p < 0.05 in paired T-Test.
  4. § Change is different from the control group at p < 0.05 in ANOVA
  5. ** Estimated change from group with 1 dose of RTEC + Nutrition education guide is different to all other groups, at p < 0.05 in Adjusted ANOVA
  6. †† Estimated change from group with 1 dose of RTEC + Nutrition education guide is different to group with 1 dose of RTEC and to control group, at p < 0.05 in Adjusted ANOVA