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Table 5 Lipid Levels.

From: Phellodendron and Citrusextracts benefit cardiovascular health in osteoarthritis patients: a double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot study

Group Time 0 4 weeks 8 weeks %Δ 0–4 wks %Δ 0–8 wks
OP      
Cholesterol 195.7 -13.30 ± 12.20 -14.80 ± 16.83 -7.2* -8.0*
HDL 69.8 0.86 ± 0.95 -0.87 ± 5.72 1.2 -1.3
LDL 89.3 -12.64 ± 16.49 -13.01 ± 16.89 -13.8* -14.2*
Triglycerides 124.8 -7.85 ± 10.5 -4.58 ± 7.82 -6.3* -3.7*
OT      
Cholesterol 194.5 -31.6 ± 20.68 -43.45 ± 20.96 -15.8* -21.7*
HDL 69.7 3.37 ± 10.64 8.33 ± 13.25 4.8 11.8*
LDL 105.9 -32.99 ± 23.61 -47.47 ± 22.24 -31.0* -44.6*
Triglycerides 118.4 -16.52 ± 21.78 -21.57 ± 22.97 -13.9* -18.1*
NP      
Cholesterol 197.3 -9.83 ± 12.91 14.88 ± 13.37 -4.8 -7.3*
HDL 63.6 -0.36 ± 6.91 4.3 ± 4.88 -0.6 6.8
LDL 123.6 -8.82 ± 17.36 -18.02 ± 14.38 -7.1 -14.5*
Triglycerides 86.0 -3.27 ± 2.38 -5.83 ± 8.30 -3.8* -6.8
NT      
Cholesterol 197.0 -14.77 ± 15.51 -19.45 ± 16.26 -7.3* -9.7*
HDL 67.3 0.50 ± 4.58 2.63 ± 2.96 0.74 3.9*
LDL 116.0 -12.80 ± 15.86 -19.51 ± 16.89 -11.0* -16.8*
Triglycerides 88.7 -12.33 ± 6.50 -12.82 ± 6.03 -13.9* -14.5*
  1. *Significant P values < 0.05.
  2. OP = overweight placebo, OT = overweight treatment, NP = normal weight placebo and NT = normal weight treatment.
  3. Values at the start of the study (Time 0) listed in the first column are means of data from individuals. Mean changes after 4 weeks and 8 weeks are listed in the second and third columns as ± Standard Deviation. A negative value indicated a decrease in value and a positive number represents an increase in value. %Δ values are percent mean change in value between time 0 and either 4 or 8 weeks. Values* are significant P-value comparisons (< 0.05) between initial values at Time 0 and either 4 weeks or 8 weeks.