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Table 3 Spielberger Trait Total Score

From: Effect of a proprietary Magnolia and Phellodendronextract on stress levels in healthy women: a pilot, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial

Time Point Relora (N = 20) Placebo (N = 20) Comparison p values
Screening 38.5 ± 10.6
41.5 (20 – 59)
36.5 ± 9.9
36.5 (12 – 53)
0.531
Week 6 26.4 ± 5.6
25.5 (19 – 42)
28.9 ± 10.1
26 (12 – 53)
0.341
Change from Baseline to Week 6 -12.2 ± 10.4
-12 (-31 – 7)
p < 0.001
-7.6 ± 10.2
-2.5 (-35 – 0)
p = 0.004
0.156
  1. Values are listed in the following format: Mean ± Standard Deviation; Median (Minimum-Maximum). The values in the bottom row are average changes from baseline and the p-values are based upon single-group Student t-tests or non-parametric equivalent. P-values listed in the column to the right compare the two groups and are based upon an unpaired Student t-test or non-parametric equivalent.