Skip to main content

Table 2 Baseline characteristics of infants with functional constipation by randomized group

From: The clinical effect of a new infant formula in term infants with constipation: a double-blind, randomized cross-over trial

Characteristics SF (n = 18) NF (n = 20) P- value
Number of boys (%) 11 (61) 8(40) 0.19
Age at intake (in months)    
   median 1.8 1.7 0.80
   min-max 1.1–5.0 0.7–3.7  
Age of onset (in weeks)    
   median 2.0 2.0 0.45
   min-max 0–20 0–6  
Defecation frequency    
   N/week (mean ± SD) 3.6 ± 1.8 3.5 ± 2.6 0.64
   < 3 times/week 39% 50% 0.49
Hard stool consistency 72% 50% 0.16
Painful defecation 89% 75% 0.27
Abdominal scybalus 44% 20% 0.13
Rectal scybalus 29% 21% 0.51
Meconium passage < 48 hours 100% 90% 0.32
Positive family history 61% 58% 0.84