Skip to main content

Table 3 Mean (± SE) changes in metabolic rate (kcal/min) and mean (± SE) change in energy expenditure from baseline per kcal ingested (EE/I) in overweight, normal weight, and underweight subjects after consumption of a high protein, high fat (HPHF) meal versus after consumption of a high protein, low fat (HPLF) meal

From: Changes in energy expenditure associated with ingestion of high protein, high fat versus high protein, low fat meals among underweight, normal weight, and overweight females

Changes in Metabolic Rate
  Overweight Normal Weight Underweight
Time (min) kcal/min/ffm   kcal/min/ffm   kcal/min/ffm  
  HPHF HPLF HPHF HPLF HPHF HPLF
30 0.21 ± 0.04a* 0.20 ± 005a°° 0.19 ± 0.02a* 0.17 ± 0.02a°° 0.08 ± 0.01a* 0.12 ± 0.03a°°
60 0.23 ± 0.07a* 0.20 ± 005a°° 0.21 ± 0.02a* 0.18 ± 0.03a°° 0.10 ± 0.06a* 0.11 ± 0.03a*
90 0.24 ± 0.08a* 0.24 ± 0.06a°° 0.15 ± 0.03a* 0.17 ± 0.03 0.06 ± 0.03a* 0.11 ± 0.03
120 0.21 ± 0.09a* 0.19 ± 0.06a°° 0.20 ± 0.02a* 0.13 ± 0.02b°° 0.10 ± 0.04a* 0.06 ± 0.06
150 0.19 ± 0.04a* 0.18 ± 0.06a°° 0.16 ± 0.02a* 0.11 ± 0.01 0.08 ± 0.05a* 0.10 ± 0.01
180 0.14 ± 0.07a* 0.14 ± 0.05 0.15 ± 0.02a* 0.08 ± 0.02b°° 0.06 ± 0.01a* 0.10 ± 0.03a°°
210 0.13 ± 0.09a* 0.08 ± 0.07 0.16 ± 0.02a* 0.04 ± 0.02b°° 0.08 ± 0.02a* 0.0.9± 0.02
Total 1.35 ± 0.46a* 1.29 ± 0.38a°° 1.20 ± 0.06a* 0.87 ± 0.11 0.55 ± 0.17a* 0.68 ± 0.19a°°
EE/I#(%) 9.2 ± 1.7a 8.8 ± 1.6a 8.2 ± 1.1a 5.9 ± 1.1a 3.8 ± 2.2a 4.6 ± 2.1a
  1. Note: abValues in a row with the same superscript did not differ significantly between the HPHF meal and the HPLF meal within a BMI group.
  2. *Values in a row did not differ significantly among BMI groups following consumption of the HPHF meal.
  3. °Values in a row did not differ significantly among BMI groups following consumption of the HPLF meal.
  4. #EE/I (%) represents the average energy expenditure over 210 minutes divided by 440 kcal intake × 100 (9)