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Table 2 Prevalence of risk factors for the Metabolic Syndrome (MS) in a nationally representative sample of children (in percent)

From: Diagnostic criteria patterns of U.S. children with Metabolic Syndrome: NHANES 1999–2002

Criteria   Group a Group b Group c
   (n = 3,467) (n = 1,064) (n = 641)
Blood Triglycerides ≥ 110 mg/dL 8% 18% 36%
High Density Lipoprotein ≤ 40 mg/dL 20% 16% 39%
Abdominal Obesity ≥ 90th %tile waist circumferencea 18% 1% 41%
Hyperglycemia Fasting Glucose ≥ 100b mg/dL N/A 10% 16%
Blood pressure
Systolic
Diastolic
≥ 90th %tilea or
≥ 90th %tilea
6% 5% 12%
Metabolic Syndrome Meets ≥ 3 of the 5 criteria 2% 0.7% 23%
  1. a for age, sex and height, b cut-point updated to reflect the most current recommendation [10], c using IOTF guidelines