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Table 4 Differences in plausible dietary intake in men and women with different levels of sports participation

From: Dietary factors associated with obesity indicators and level of sports participation in Flemish adults: a cross-sectional study

  BMI WC
Tsports 0 h/week < 3.5 h/week ≥3.5 h/week P 0 h/week < 3.5 h/week ≥ 3.5 h/week P
  n = 129 n = 157 n = 199   n = 123 n = 159 n = 80  
Total EI (kcal/d) 2729.3 ± 439.3 2831.4 ± 433.4 2777.3 ± 422.6 0.687 2139.9 ± 339.6 2199.7 ± 342.5 2162.1 ± 371.1 0.805
Protein         
   (kcal/d) 411.7 ± 93.1 429.8 ± 91.7 429.9 ± 118.4 0.217 337.7 ± 78.6 354.7 ± 82.3 340.8 ± 70.5 0.182
   (%E) 15.1 ± 2.7 15.3 ± 2.8 15.5 ± 3.4 0.181 15.8 ± 3.0 16.2 ± 3.2 15.9 ± 2.6 0.119
Carbohydrate         
   (kcal/d) 1224.2 ± 292.3 1309.4 ± 275.7 1299.4 ± 287.2 0.303 946.6 ± 198.9 951.1 ± 1206.2 1003.8 ± 182.2a,b 0.019
   (%E) 44.9 ± 8.5 46.4 ± 7.3 46.7 ± 7.1 0.408 44.3 ± 6.6 43.3 ± 6.7 46.8 ± 6.7a,b < 0.001
Sugar         
   (kcal/d) 272.1 ± 156.9 293.0 ± 169.5 307.8 ± 171.9 0.452 192.5 ± 111.5 192.8 ± 99.2 222.7 ± 97.4a,b 0.027
   (%E) 9.9 ± 5.3 10.3 ± 5.5 11.0 ± 5.7 0.337 9.1 ± 5.5 8.8 ± 4.2 10.4 ± 4.5b 0.026
Starch         
   (kcal/d) 649.9 ± 190.2 685.2 ± 220.3 684.1 ± 208.3 0.656 484.6 ± 148.0 483.3 ± 140.3 495.1 ± 138.5 0.469
   (%E) 23.8 ± 5.7 24.3 ± 6.9 24.7 ± 6.8 0.710 22.6 ± 5.4 22.1 ± 5.8 23.1 ± 6.0 0.455
Fibre         
   (kcal/d) 87.0 ± 30.6 92.1 ± 26.9 92.6 ± 29.1 0.211 75.0 ± 21.9 71.8 ± 20.7 78.0 ± 20.2 0.220
   (%E) 3.2 ± 1.1 3.3 ± 1.0 3.3 ± 0.9 0.295 3.5 ± 0.9 3.3 ± 0.9 3.7 ± 1.1 0.088
Fat         
   (kcal/d) 978.8 ± 285.5 972.3 ± 276.3 916.6 ± 246.4a 0.032 769.9 ± 189.4 804.2 ± 219.5 744.2 ± 227.0 0.529
   (%E) 35.6 ± 7.4 34.0 ± 6.7a 32.8 ± 6.2a < 0.001 35.9 ± 6.3 36.2 ± 6.6 34.0 ± 7.0 0.100
Saturated fat         
   (kcal/d) 375.8 ± 115.3 376.0 ± 120.8 347.4 ± 106.5a 0.028 292.4 ± 78.5 303.9 ± 91.5 286.6 ± 99.7 0.857
   (%E) 13.7 ± 3.3 13.2 ± 3.3 12.4 ± 3.0a,b 0.003 13.6 ± 2.7 13.7 ± 3.2 13.0 ± 3.3 0.400
Monounsaturated         
   (kcal/d) 379.8 ± 129.4 365.1 ± 125.1a 346.6 ± 106.2a 0.012 289.2 ± 86.0 306.8 ± 107.2 278.0 ± 104.4 0.338
   (%E) 13.8 ± 3.6 12.8 ± 3.4a 12.4 ± 3.1a < 0.001 13.5 ± 3.3 13.8 ± 3.7 12.7 ± 3.7 0.148
Polyunsaturated         
   (kcal/d) 166.9 ± 79.7 159.7 ± 70.5 158.3 ± 66.4 0.239 128.3 ± 75.2 134.6 ± 60.2 124.2 ± 57.2 0.807
   (%E) 6.0 ± 2.5 5.6 ± 2.2 5.7 ± 2.1 0.137 6.0 ± 3.6 6.0 ± 2.3 5.7 ± 2.3 0.694
Alcohol         
   (kcal/d) 114.6 ± 124.1 119.8 ± 131.4 131.4 ± 122.5 0.112 85.6 ± 102.4 89.7 ± 115.3 73.4 ± 91.4 0.232
   (%E) 4.3 ± 4.7 4.3 ± 4.7 4.9 ± 4.7 0.100 4.0 ± 4.5 4.2 ± 5.4 3.3 ± 4.1 0.121
Ca (mg/d) 929.5 ± 348.1 1024.5 ± 431.4 1003.5 ± 666.7 0.326 854.3 ± 356.7 882.7 ± 332.8 870.2 ± 328.1 0.738
Fe (mg/d) 15.3 ± 4.1 16.5 ± 5.4 16.1 ± 4.5 0.068 13.5 ± 7.0 13.1 ± 3.7 13.3 ± 3.8 0.879
Cholesterol 107.5 ± 33.7 104.3 ± 40.2 102.1 ± 41.3 0.803 105.9 ± 38.3 102.0 ± 38.4 110.8 ± 41.7 0.463
*BMI 26.0 ± 2.9 25.4 ± 3.2 25.0 ± 3.2 0.141 24.8 ± 4.0 23.5 ± 3.1 24.3 ± 3.2 0.234
*Sum 6 SKF 82.6 ± 28.5 81.5 ± 31.9 67.3 ± 25.11a,b < 0.001 128.1 ± 37.4 124.1 ± 38.6 120.7 ± 40.2 0.252
  1. Results of ANCOVA's with age and BMI covariates
  2. *Results of ANCOVA's with age as covariate
  3. a P < 0.05 vs. Tsports = 0 h/week
  4. b P < 0.05 vs. Tsports < 3.5 h/week