Skip to main content

Table 3 Differences in plausible dietary intake between BMI and WC groups in women

From: Dietary factors associated with obesity indicators and level of sports participation in Flemish adults: a cross-sectional study

  BMI WC
  < 25 kg/m2 25–30 kg/m2 ≥30 kg/m2 P < 80 cm 80–88 cm ≥88 cm P
  n = 237 n = 107 n = 18   N = 222 n = 89 n = 51  
Total EI (kcal/d) 2151.1 ± 340.9 2176.0 ± 341.3a 2369.8 ± 425.4a,b <0.001 2145.9 ± 340.2 2177.8 ± 330.1a 2255.9 ± 399.7a,b <0.001
Protein         
   (kcal/d) 341.9 ± 81.0 348.8 ± 67.0 381.3 ± 104.7a 0.017 339.7 ± 83.3 353.1 ± 63.9a 360.3 ± 80.5a 0.003
   (%E) 16.0 ± 3.2 16.1 ± 2.7 16.0 ± 2.6 0.616 15.9 ± 3.2 16.3 ± 2.7 16.0 ± 2.5 0.381
Carbohydrate         
   (kcal/d) 952.0 ± 188.8 968.3 ± 217.6a 1040.6 ± 215.2a <0.001 950.9 ± 193.4 971.6 ± 188.5a 987.7 ± 240.6a <0.001
   (%E) 44.4 ± 6.6 44.5 ± 7.3 44.1 ± 6.5 0.952 44.4 ± 6.7 44.7 ± 6.4 43.9 ± 7.9 0.691
Sugar         
   (kcal/d) 197.5 ± 96.9 197.7 ± 115.3 233.3 ± 116.0a 0.045 198.8 ± 93.1 197.2 ± 118.1 205.0 ± 120.7 0.076
   (%E) 9.3 ± 4.5 9.1 ± 5.5 9.7 ± 4.1 0.803 9.4 ± 4.3 9.1 ± 5.5 9.1 ± 5.6 0.968
Starch         
   (kcal/d) 479.6 ± 125.0 489.2 ± 171.5a 557.8 ± 152.7a,b 0.002 483.2 ± 133.7 479.8 ± 148.3 511.3 ± 166.5a,b 0.004
   (%E) 22.5 ± 5.3 22.4 ± 6.4 23.7 ± 5.9 0.637 22.6 ± 5.3 22.1 ± 6.1 22.6 ± 6.0 0.616
Fibre         
   (kcal/d) 71.7 ± 19.0 78.3 ± 23.4a 83.5 ± 27.1a 0.021 71.5 ± 19.5 78.5 ± 20.9 79.0 ± 26.0a 0.048
   (%E) 3.4 ± 0.9 3.6 ± 1.0 3.6 ± 1.0 0.910 3.4 ± 0.9 3.7 ± 1.0 3.5 ± 0.9 0.133
Fat         
   (kcal/d) 776.9 ± 210.7 770.9 ± 214.2a 860.2 ± 217.3a,b <0.001 782.6 ± 209.4 759.8 ± 206.5a 799.1 ± 235.5a,b <0.001
   (%E) 35.8 ± 6.6 35.1 ± 6.8 36.3 ± 6.4 0.250 36.2 ± 6.6 34.6 ± 6.3 35.1 ± 7.1 0.485
Saturated fat         
   (kcal/d) 295.3 ± 87.4 294.9 ± 93.0a 314.5 ± 95.0a 0.006 295.8 ± 87.2 289.7 ± 91.8a 308.9 ± 94.2a,b <0.001
   (%E) 13.6 ± 3.0 13.4 ± 3.2 13.2 ± 3.3 0.622 13.7 ± 3.0 13.2 ± 3.1 13.6 ± 3.2 0.313
Monounsaturated         
   (kcal/d) 291.3 ± 99.9 296.0 ± 101.4a 326.2 ± 98.2a <0.001 294.3 ± 100.6 289.6 ± 96.3a 303.3 ± 106.5a 0.001
   (%E) 13.4 ± 3.6 13.5 ± 3.8 13.7 ± 3.3 0.203 13.6 ± 3.6 13.2 ± 3.5 13.3 ± 3.7 0.632
Polyunsaturated         
   (kcal/d) 127.4 ± 67.3 130.6 ± 55.5a 165.2 ± 79.3a,b <0.001 129.6 ± 67.3 126.0 ± 54.4 140.0 ± 71.9a 0.010
   (%E) 5.9 ± 3.0 5.9 ± 2.1 7.2 ± 3.6 0.073 6.0 ± 3.0 5.7 ± 2.2 6.1 ± 2.9 0.513
Alcohol         
   (kcal/d) 82.1 ± 102.9 90.0 ± 115.1 89.8 ± 93.1 0.821 74.6 ± 98.5 95.1 ± 108.6 110.8 ± 127.1 0.563
   (%E) 3.8 ± 4.7 4.2 ± 5.4 3.6 ± 3.5 0.501 3.5 ± 4.6 4.4 ± 4.7 5.0 ± 5.8 0.888
Ca (mg/d) 855.6 ± 303.0 884.2 ± 351.2 980.8 ± 620.8 0.142 846.8 ± 308.5 890.7 ± 348.8 936.6 ± 435.2a 0.041
Fe (mg/d) 13.0 ± 3.5 13.3 ± 4.1 17.8 ± 15.5a,b <0.001 13.0 ± 3.4 13.2 ± 4.2 14.8 ± 9.9a 0.030
Cholesterol 104.2 ± 38.6 110.1 ± 41.1 91.3 ± 31.6 0.138 105.1 ± 40.3 105.8 ± 39.4 105.0 ± 34.0 0.353
  1. Results of ANCOVA's with age, time health related sports, time watching TV as covariatesa
  2. a P < 0.05 vs. BMI < 25 kg/m2
  3. b P < 0.05 vs. BMI 25–30 kg/m2