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Table 2 Nutritional composition of the three experimental diets (based on 2400 kcal/d); determined from chemical assay

From: An increase in dietary n-3 fatty acids decreases a marker of bone resorption in humans

Nutrients AAD LA Diet ALA Diet
CHO* 49.8 46.8 46.3
Protein* 15.7 16.1 16.1
Total Fat* 34.5 37.1 † 37.6 †
SFA* 12.7 8.5 † 8.2 †
MUFA* 13.2 12.2 12.3
PUFA* 8.7 16.4 † 17.2 †
LA* 7.7 12.6 † 10.5 †¶
ALA* 0.8 3.6 † 6.5 †¶
LA/ALA (n-6/n-3) 9.5/1 3.5/1 † 1.6/1 †¶
Cholesterol** (mg/d) 310.8 303.5 305.0
Calcium** (mg) 975.3 1030.9 1016.8
Vitamin D** (μg/IU) 4.704/188.145 4.667/186.708 4.658/186.302
  1. *Values are % energy; **Calculated using Nutritionist V; AAD: Average American Diet
  2. LA Diet: A diet high in PUFA and LA; ALA Diet: A diet high in PUFA and ALA
  3. CHO: Carbohydrate; SFA: Saturated fatty acids; MUFA: Monounsaturated fatty acids;
  4. PUFA: Polyunsaturated fatty acids; LA: Linoleic acid; ALA: α-linolenic acid
  5. †: P < 0.05 compared with AAD for assayed data
  6. ¶: P < 0.05 compared with LA Diet for assayed data