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Table 1 Baseline characteristics

From: The role of a probiotics mixture in the treatment of childhood constipation: a pilot study

Baseline characteristics  
Number of subjects 20
Age in years 8 (4–16)
Sex (male) 10
Time of constipation before intake (years) 3.5 (0.3–6.5)
Treatment time before intake (months) 12 (0–48)
Bowel habits, n (%)  
   • Bowel movements < 3/week 12 (60%)
   • Faecal incontinence ≤ 2/week 1 (5%)
   • Faecal incontinence > 2/week 15 (80%)
   • Large amounts of stools 12 (60%)
Stool consistency, n (%)  
   • Hard stools 7 (35%)
   • Normal stools 13 (65%)
   • Watery stools 0
Painful defecation, n (%)  
   • No pain 7 (35%)
   • Sometimes painful 7 (35%)
   • Always painful 6 (30%)
Abdominal pain, n (%)  
   • No abdominal pain 3 (15%)
   • Sometimes abdominal pain 8 (40%)
   • Often abdominal pain 9 (45%)
Physical examination, n (%)  
   • Abdominal scybala 4 (20%)
   • Rectal scybala 4 (20%)
   • Anal Fissures 0