Skip to main content

Table 4 phagocytosis of opsonized E coli

From: Effect of a mixture of micronutrients, but not of bovine colostrum concentrate, on immune function parameters in healthy volunteers: a randomized placebo-controlled study

  Control (n = 31) Colostrum (n = 33) Micronutrients (n = 31) Colostrum + Micronutrients (n = 35)
Granulocytes (% of leukocytes)
   Baseline 47.9 (44.5 – 51.2) 49.1 (45.8 – 52.3) 49.7 (46.3 – 53.0) 52.4 (49.3 – 55.6)
   Week 6 49.5 (46.3 – 52.7) 49.5 (46.4 – 52.6) 50.0 (46.8 – 53.3) 50.4 (47.3 – 53.4)
   Difference week 0–6 1.63 (-1.4 – 4.71) 0.45 (-2.5 – 3.43) 0.39 (-2.7 – 3.49) -2.1 (-4.9 – 0.84)
Positive granulocytes (% of total granulocytes)
   Baseline 65.6 (62.5 – 68.6) 63.1 (60.2 – 66.0) 64.9 (61.8 – 67.9) 65.2 (62.4 – 68.1)
   Week 6 60.4 (57.2 – 63.6) 58.4 (55.3 – 61.5) 56.7(53.4 – 59.9) 58.0 (55.0 – 61.0)
   Difference week 0–6 -5.1 (-8.7 – -1.6) -4.7 (-8.2 – -1.2) -8.2 (-12 – -4.6) -7.2 (-11 – -3.8)
Granulocytes fluorescence mean
   Baseline 422 (393 – 451) 390 (362 – 418) 410 (381 – 439) 408 (381 – 435)
   Week 6 450 (423 – 478) 438 (411 – 465) 407 (379 – 436) 430 (404 – 456)
   Difference week 0–6 28.7 (-5.8 – 63.2) 47.9 (14.5 – 81.3) -2.6 (-37 – 32.3) 21.6 (-11 – 54.1)
  1. 1 values are expressed as lsmeans (95% CI)