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Table 4 Laboratory data of <60-month-old severely malnourished children categorised by their HIV status and malnutrition type.

From: Severe malnutrition with and without HIV-1 infection in hospitalised children in Kampala, Uganda: differences in clinical features, haematological findings and CD4+cell counts

  HIV-positive children HIV-negative children
  Oedema n = 53 median (IQR) No oedema n = 70 median (IQR) Oedema n = 119 median (IQR) No oedema n = 73 median (IQR)
Haemoglobin (g/dL) 8.2 (6.4–9.6) 7.3 (6–9.1) 8.0 (6.1–9.3) 8.4 (6.7–9.8)
White blood cells (109/L) 11.0 (8.3–17) 7.2 (4.2–12) 10.0 (7.7–17) 11.0 (8.8–15)
Neutrophils (109/L) 6.2 (3.1–8.5)* 2.9 (2.3–7.7) 5.4 (3.5–8.8) 6.1 (3.2–9.0)
Neutrophils (%) 59.0 (34–70) 61.0 (37–73) 55.0 (48–66) 53.0 (38–63)
Monocytes (109/L) 667.0 (182–1246)* 153.0 (83–263) 217.0 (107–540) 412.0 (176–534)
Monocytes (%) 5.7 (2–10)* 2.0 (1.0–2.8) 2.0 (1–5) 3.5 (2–6.5)
Total lymphocytes (109/L) 3.3 (2.4–6.3) 2.5 (1.7–4.1)* 4.5 (2.6–7.2) 4.4 (3.6–5.7)
Lymphocytes (%) 39.0 (23–57) 36.0 (26–50) 39.0 (31–49) 42.0 (32–55)
CD4+ cell counts 630.0 (305–1759)*** 379.0 (123–713) 1354 (894–1914)*** 1169 (682–1600)
CD4+ cells (%) 20.0 (14–42)*** 14.0 (5–25) 35.0 (29–44)*** 27.0 (22–37)
CD8+ cell counts 1046 (521–1896) 811.0 (462–1363) 822.0 (492–1367)** 595 (328–1054)
CD8+ cells (%) 23.0 (20–39)* 41.0 (27–56) 15.0 (12–21) 16.0 (13–21)
CD4+/CD8+ cell ratio 0.9 (0.4–1.6)*** 0.4 (0.1–0.9) 2.2 (1.6–3.0) 1.9 (1.2–2.8)
  1. *p value < 0.05, **p value < 0.005, and ***p value < 0.001, comparing each HIV status group with the type of severe malnutrition.