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Table 3 Laboratory data of all severely malnourished children aged <60 months grouped by their HIV status.

From: Severe malnutrition with and without HIV-1 infection in hospitalised children in Kampala, Uganda: differences in clinical features, haematological findings and CD4+cell counts

  HIV-positive median (IQR)
n = 123
HIV-negative median (IQR)
n = 192
Haemoglobin 7.8 (6.4–9.2) 8.1 (6.5–9.6)
Total WBC (109/L) 8.9 (5.4–11.3) 9.1 (7.2–13.5)**
Neutrophils (109/L) 4.9 (2.8–8.0) 5.9 (3.4–8.9)
Neutrophils (%) 59 (35–71) 55 (41–65)
Monocytes (109/L) 0.22 (0.11–0.94) 0.28 (0.15–0.53)
Monocytes (%) 2 (1.8–7.5) 2 (1.8–5)
Total lymphocytes (109/L) 2.9 (2.1–4.9) 4.5 (2.9–6.3)**
Lymphocytes (%) 39 (26–50) 40 (32–50)
CD4+ cell count (106/L) 497 (280–1379) 1265 (829–1758)***
CD4+ cells (%) 18 (12–34) 33 (26–40)***
CD8+ cell count (106/L) 880 (490–1750) 588 (331–913)***
CD8+ cells (%) 31 (23–50) 15 (13–21)***
CD4+/CD8+ ratio 0.76 (0.24–1.19) 2.0 (1.5–2.8)***
  1. *p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, and *** p < 0.001