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Table 3 Effects of control and soy foods on bone mineral density (BMD) and bone mineral content (BMC)

From: One year soy protein supplementation has positive effects on bone formation markers but not bone density in postmenopausal women

Measures Control (n = 27) Soy (n = 35) Control vs Soy
  Baseline Final Baseline Final p values
      Trtmt Time Trtmt × Time
BMD, (g/cm 2 )        
   Whole body 1.050 ± 0.020 1.036 ± 0.0201 1.050 ± 0.018 1.036 ± 0.018 0.986 < 0.001 0.936
   L1-L4 0.941 ± 0.026 0.933 ± 0.026 0.944 ± 0.022 0.934 ± 0.022 0.958 0.039 0.825
   Hip, total 0.871 ± 0.021 0.870 ± 0.021 0.853 ± 0.018 0.852 ± 0.018 0.512 0.904 0.988
BMC, (g)        
   Whole body 2022 ± 58 1994 ± 58 2023 ± 49 2003 ± 49 0.944 < 0.001 0.465
   L1-L4 53.631 ± 2.137 52.806 ± 2.137 54.737 ± 1.816 54.152 ± 1.816 0.662 0.018 0.681
   Hip, total 57.532 ± 2.051 57.140 ± 2.051 57.278 ± 1.743 57.182 ± 1.743 0.967 0.738 0.839
  1. Values are least squares mean ± SE. Lumbar spine (L1-L4).
  2. No treatment effects were detected.