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Table 1 Whole-body Body composition measures of participants at baseline and 12 months, with (CAL) and without (CTL) calcium supplementation.

From: Calcium-fortified beverage supplementation on body composition in postmenopausal women

  Baseline POST ρ
Body Weight (kg)
CAL 69.6 ± 11.5 70.2 ± 12.6 0.5 ± 3.3
CTL 69.3 ± 8.7 69.3 ± 8.3 0.0 ± 2.9
Whole-body fat (%)
CAL 43.0 ± 7.3 43.1 ± 6.7 0.0 ± 2.3
CTL 43.1 ± 5.5 43.1 ± 5.4 0.1 ± 2.4
Abdominal fat (%)
CAL 45.3 ± 9.7 44.7 ± 8.7 -0.6 ± 3.4
CTL 44.0 ± 8.1 44.2 ± 8.3 0.2 ± 3.7
Fat Mass (kg)#
CAL 29.3 ± 9.2 30.9 ± 9.9 1.6 ± 2.8
CTL 29.0 ± 7.1 30.1 ± 6.7 1.3 ± 2.7
Fat-free Mass (kg)
CAL 39.1 ± 2.9 39.2 ± 2.7 0.1 ± 1.3
CTL 40.0 ± 3.7 39.6 ± 4.0* -0.4 ± 0.7
Bone Mineral Content (kg)
CAL 2.5 ± 0.3 2.5 ± 0.4 0.0 ± 0.1
CTL 2.4 ± 0.3 2.4 ± 0.3 0.0 ± 0.1
  1. Mean ± SD; Abdominal fat = % fat from custom region of interest of the abdomen; 1475-2891-4-21-i1.gif"/> = absolute difference between POST and baseline; #= main effect for time. * = within group difference from baseline to post.