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Table 3 Nutrient intake and feeding profile for the infants born to normal weight and obese biological mothers

From: Relationship between maternal obesity and infant feeding-interactions

Parameters for infants Biological Mothers
  Normal weight Obese
Energy intake from formula (kcal/kg) 68.1 ± 17.2 69.1 ± 20.3
Energy intake from complementary foods (kcal/kg) 0 18.3 ± 2.5
Total 24-h energy intake (kcal/kg body weight)1 68.1 ± 17.2 87.6 ± 18.9
Formula intake (ml/kg body weight) 90.1 ± 16.3 98.9 ± 35.3
Energy intake from CHO (kcal/kg body weight)2 16 ± 3 25 ± 6*
Energy intake from PRO (kcal/kg body weight)3 4 ± 1 6 ± 3
Energy intake from FAT (kcal/kg body weight)4 38 ± 10 38 ± 12
Energy intake per feed (kcal/kg body weight) 7.4 ± 1.2 12.9 ± 4.8
Number of feedings (#) 9.3 ± 2.1 7.3 ± 2.2
Duration of each feeding (min) 33 ± 6 26 ± 5
Average time between feedings over 24-hours (min) 127 ± 28 188 ± 39
Average time between feedings over the day (min) 88 ± 32 108 ± 43
Total 24-hr total feeding time (min) 298 ± 32 176 ± 22*
Total 24-hr interaction time (min) 570 ± 13 381 ± 58*
Total interaction time one hour prior to feedings (min) 157 ± 29 68 ± 34*
Number of infants who had night time feedings 3 3
Total sleeping time (min) 682 ± 32 783 ± 38*
  1. * = p < 0.05
  2. 1 24-hr EI = Twenty four hour energy intake expressed per kg body weight
  3. 2 CHO = Carbohydrate expressed per kg body weight
  4. 3 PRO = Protein expressed per kg body weight
  5. 4 FAT = Fat expressed per kg body weight