Skip to main content

Table 2 Characteristics of children, aged 1–5 years, with and without night blindness in the Republic of the Marshall Islands

From: Vitamin A deficiency and inflammatory markers among preschool children in the Republic of the Marshall Islands

  Night blindness  
Characteristic 1 Yes (n= 24) No (n= 257) P
Mean age (years) 3.5 (3.0, 4.0) 2.9 (2.7, 3.1) 0.03
Sex (% male) 66.7 48.6 0.09
Geometric mean AGP (mg/L) 925 (819, 1044) 924 (881, 970) 0.99
AGP >1000 mg/L (%) 43.5 45.8 0.83
Geometric mean CRP (mg/L) 1.3 (0.2, 11.8) 1.7 (0.1, 324.3) 0.36
CRP >5 mg/L (%) 8.7 23.1 0.11
With inflammation (%) 2 47.8 49.3 0.89
Geometric mean IL-6 (pg/mL) 3.9 (0.9, 14.1) 3.9 (0.7, 16.2) 0.96
Mean retinol (μmol/L) 0.40 (0.04, 1.00) 0.62 (0.02, 1.90) 0.007
Retinol <0.70 μmol/L (%) 79.2 56.8 0.03
Mean hemoglobin (g/L) 106 (101, 110) 109 (108, 110) 0.09
Hemoglobin <110 g/L (%) 58.3 35.7 0.029
  1. 1 For continuous variables (95% CI). 2 Inflammation defined as AGP >1000 mg/L and/or CRP >5 mg/L.