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Table 6 Humoral-immunological parameters of the four studied groups.

From: Different degrees of malnutrition and immunological alterations according to the aetiology of cirrhosis: a prospective and sequential study

PARÂMETERS ALCOHOL ALCOHOL + HCV HCV CONTROL P
  N M SD N M SD N M SD N M SD  
C3 (mg%) 33 106.48 42.72 20 92.62 33.72 24 79.33 26.42 32 123.19 33.16 < 0.001
C4 (mg%) 33 20.79 8.12 20 19.70 8.57 24 14.21 4.66 32 26.84 7.75 < 0.001
Gammaglobulin (g%) 33 1.54 0.39 20 2.04 0.41 24 2.28 0.76 32 1.35 0.28 < 0.001
IgA (mg/dl) 30 577.27 286.26 20 519.15 203.92 23 505.39 314.59 32 268.94 121.05 < 0.001
IgM (mg/dl) 30 238.33 146.46 20 248.20 96.10 23 325.70 222.32 32 170.03 69.25 0.001
IgG (mg/dl) 30 1.775.87 464.42 20 2.352.10 496.62 23 2.643.96 907.37 32 1.594.88 379.22 < 0.001
IgE (IU/dl) 29 5.80 0.98 18 4.83 1.18 18 3.78 0.81 32 4.65 1.38 < 0.001
  1. Where: C3 and C4 are serum complement components 3 and 4, respectively; IgA, IgM, IgG and IgE are immunoglobulins A, M, G and E, respectively. Range for reference values: C3 (74–185); C4 (16 – 44); Gammaglobulin (0.8 – 1.6); IgA (153 – 359); IgM (73 – 171); IgG (952 – 1538); IgE (up to 100).