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Table 4 Odds ratios and 95% CI for cancer of the proximal colon, distal colon and rectum according to the three major dietary patterns in a NL population

From: Dietary patterns and colorectal cancer: results from a Canadian population-based study

Dietary pattern Quintiles
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q5 P for trend
OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI  
Proximal colon cancer
Meat-diet pattern
original 1.00 1.42 0.84, 2.41 1.43 0.85, 2.40 1.57 0.93, 2.65 1.30 0.72, 2.33 0.2501
multivariate 1.00 1.45 0.85, 2.50 1.50 0.88, 2.57 1.61 0.94, 2.78 1.34 0.72, 2.47 0.3182
Plant-based diet pattern
original 1.00 1.34 0.80, 2.24 0.91 0.53, 1.55 0.83 0.48, 1.43 0.70 0.40, 1.24 0.1287
multivariate 1.00 1.31 0.77, 2.24 0.88 0.48, 1.45 0.78 0.44, 1.38 0.64 0.34, 1.19 0.4062
Sugary-diet pattern
original 1.00 1.52 0.86, 2.69 1.72 0.99, 3.00 2.23 1.27, 3.93 2.75 1.51, 5.03 0.0009
multivariate 1.00 1.70 0.95, 3.04 1.69 0.96, 2.99 2.39 1.32, 4.33 2.90 1.54, 5.45 0.1144
Distal colon cancer
Meat-diet pattern
original 1.00 1.63 0.87, 3.05 1.55 0.83, 2.90 1.68 0.89, 3.17 2.87 1.51, 5.44 0.0035
multivariate 1.00 1.55 0.81, 2.97 1.33 0.69, 2.55 1.43 0.74, 2.80 2.29 1.16, 4.53 0.0035
Plant-based diet pattern
original 1.00 1.14 0.64, 2.03 0.80 0.44, 1.45 0.82 0.45, 1.47 0.54 0.28, 1.02 0.0534
multivariate 1.00 1.27 0.69, 2.32 0.90 0.48, 1.68 0.99 0.53, 1.87 0.72 0.35, 1.45 0.6609
Sugary-diet pattern
original 1.00 1.63 0.86, 3.09 1.52 0.81, 2.88 2.28 1.21, 4.28 2.78 1.44, 5.40 0.0024
‡multivariate 1.00 1.56 0.81, 3.01 1.55 0.80, 3.01 2.14 1.11, 4.14 2.40 1.20, 4.81 0.0797
Rectum cancer
Meat-diet pattern
original 1.00 1.65 0.92, 2.94 1.18 0.65, 2.17 2.39 1.37, 4.18 2.78 1.54, 5.03 0.0005
multivariate 1.00 1.61 0.88, 2.97 1.02 0.54, 1.93 2.11 1.16, 3.84 2.01 1.06, 3.80 0.0183
Plant-based diet pattern
original 1.00 1.14 0.49, 1.34 0.57 0.34, 0.96 0.55 0.33, 0.92 0.27 0.15, 0.49 <0.0001
multivariate 1.00 0.93 0.54, 1.59 0.72 0.41, 1.27 0.85 0.48, 1.51 0.46 0.23, 0.90 0.1316
Sugary-diet pattern
original 1.00 1.90 1.09, 3.31 1.39 0.78, 2.47 2.06 1.17, 3.64 1.99 1.08, 3.69 0.0304
multivariate 1.00 1.97 1.08, 3.58 1.29 0.69, 2.41 1.96 1.04, 3.69 2.01 1.01, 4.00 0.6538
  1. Adjusted for age and total energy intake;
  2. Adjusted for: sex, body mass index, marital status, education attainment, household income status, use of alcohol/tobacco/non-steroid anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), family history of CRC, history of diabetes/colon screening procedure/ high cholesterol, reported hormone replacement therapy (females only), multivitamin supplements, and physical activities;
  3. Significant 95% CI are in bold;
  4. P for trend was calculated by Mantel-Haenszel Chi-Square Test.