Skip to main content

Table 3 Odds ratios and 95% CI of colorectal cancer according to the three major dietary patterns in a NL population

From: Dietary patterns and colorectal cancer: results from a Canadian population-based study

Dietary pattern Quintiles
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q5 P for trend
OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI  
Meat-diet pattern
original 1.00 1.52 1.04, 2.23 1.37 0.94, 2.03 1.86 1.27, 2.72 2.14 1.41, 3.24 0.0002
multivariate 1.00 1.44 0.91, 2.30 1.32 0.88, 1.97 1.64 1.09, 2.46 1.84 1.19, 2.86 0.6442
Plant-based diet pattern
original 1.00 1.04 0.72, 1.51 0.73 0.50, 1.06 0.69 0.47, 0.99 0.46 0.31, 0.69 <0.0001
multivariate 1.00 1.09 0.74, 1.60 0.78 0.53, 1.17 0.77 0.51, 1.16 0.55 0.35, 0.87 0.3065
Sugary-diet pattern
original 1.00 1.69 1.15, 2.48 1.55 1.06, 2.27 2.20 1.48, 3.27 2.51 1.64, 3.84 <0.0001
multivariate 1.00 1.47 0.96, 2.26 1.46 0.94, 2,25 1.92 1.23, 3.01 2.26 1.39, 3.66 0.4024
  1. Adjusted for age and total energy intake;
  2. Adjusted for: sex, body mass index, marital status, education attainment, household income status, use of alcohol/tobacco/non-steroid anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), family history of CRC, history of diabetes/colon screening procedure/ high cholesterol, reported hormone replacement therapy (females only), multivitamin supplements, and physical activities;
  3. Significant 95% CI are in bold;
  4. P for trend was calculated by Mantel-Haenszel Chi-Square Test.