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Table 2 Proportion of population consuming less than specified threshold amounts of total fruit, NHANES 2007-2010

From: Socioeconomic gradient in consumption of whole fruit and 100% fruit juice among US children and adults

  Age ≥ 4 Age 4-13y Age 14-19y Age 20-50y Age ≥ 51y
  1.5 servings 2.0 servings 1.5 servings 2.0 servings 1.5 servings 2.0 servings 1.5 servings 2.0 servings 1.5 servings 2.0 servings
Total 76.0 (0.7) 87.3 (0.5) 71.9 (1.6) 88.3 (1.1) 76.6 (2.2) 87.8 (1.7) 77.7 (0.9) 87.5 (0.7) 75.0 (0.6) 87.5 (0.5)
Gender           
  Male (ref) 73.2 (0.7) 84.7 (0.6) 72.7 (1.5) 87.4 (1.1) 73.9 (1.5) 84.7 (1.2) 73.1 (1.0) 83.8 (0.8) 74.0 (1.2) 85.7 (0.9)
  Female 78.9 (0.9)*** 90.0 (0.6)**** 71.2 (2.7) 90.0 (1.9) 87.8 (3.3)*** 96.4 (1.8)*** 81.6 (1.1)*** 90.4 (0.8)*** 76.0 (1.0) 89.2 (0.7)***
Income-to-poverty ratioa           
  <1.3 77.9 (1.4) 89.1 (1.0)* 68.9 (3.1) 88.0 (2.1) 87.6 (3.5)* 97.5 (1.5)** 79.0 (1.7) 88.2 (1.2) 81.7 (1.4)*** 91.2 (1.0)***
  1.31-3.49 78.3 (1.0)* 88.4 (0.6) 83.1 (2.8)*** 93.9 (1.5)*** 78.1 (2.2) 86.4 (1.8) 77.4 (1.3) 86.7 (1.0) 79.3 (1.4)*** 90.2 (0.9)***
  ≥3.5 (ref) 74.3 (1.2) 86.3 (1.0) 64.2 (3.8) 83.8 (2.6) 73.5 (5.2) 86.5 (4.3) 78.4 (1.6) 88.0 (1.1) 70.9 (1.1) 84.7 (0.8)
Race/ethnicity           
  Non-Hispanic white (ref) 78.1 (0.7) 88.5 (0.6) 75.6 (2.2) 90.2 (1.5) 82.4 (2.9) 90.7 (2.1) 80.3 (1.0) 88.9 (0.8) 75.2 (0.7) 87.6 (0.5)
  Non-Hispanic black 75.1 (1.1)* 87.5 (0.8) 73.5 (3.5) 92.5 (2.1) 72.6 (3.2)* 86.8 (2.2) 79.4 (1.7) 89.4 (1.2) 70.9 (1.6)** 83.5 (1.3)**
  Mexican-American 70.2 (1.2)*** 83.8 (0.9)*** 64.0 (2.6)*** 81.6 (2.4)** 74.6 (3.3) 85.6 (2.5) 68.8 (1.9)*** 82.2 (1.3)*** 79.4 (2.0)* 90.5 (1.3)*
  Other Hispanic 65.3 (1.8)*** 81.3 (1.5)*** 67.8 (4.0)* 86.8 (2.6) 65.6 (6.0)** 80.6 (3.9)** 61.5 (3.2)*** 76.8 (2.7)*** 73.3 (3.5) 89.8 (2.3)
  1. Asterisks indicate significant difference in mean compared to the reference group (***p < 0.001; **0.001 < p < 0.01; *0.01 < p < 0.05).
  2. aFamily income-to-poverty is the ratio of family income to the federal poverty level. In 2010, the federal poverty level was $22,050/yr for a family of 4.