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Table 3 Comparisons of the effects of the MILK and NCEP diets on the different cardiometabolic risk factors

From: Impact of milk consumption on cardiometabolic risk in postmenopausal women with abdominal obesity

Variables MILK NCEP P between
Pre Post % P within Pre Post % P within
Body weight (kg) 82.6 ± 10.3 81.9 ± 10.4 −0.8% 0.003 82.8 ± 10.5 81.5 ± 10.4 −1.6% <0.001 0.007
Waist circumference (cm) 102.7 ± 8.4 102.8 ± 7.9 0.1% 0.92 104.0 ± 9.0 101.8 ± 8.3 −2.1% 0.004 0.03
Body mass index (kg/m 2 ) 31.7 ± 3.3 31.4 ± 3.4 −0.8% 0.001 31.7 ± 3.5 31.2 ± 3.4 −1.6% <0.001 0.007
Total cholesterol (mmol/L) 5.75 ± 0.84 5.60 ± 0.87 −2.6% 0.39 5.87 ± 0.78 5.53 ± 0.76 −5.8% <0.001 0.01
VLDL cholesterol (mmol/L) a 0.55 ± 0.48 0.58 ± 0.43 5.3% 0.78 0.51 ± 0.32 0.47 ± 0.37 −7.9% 0.64 0.57
LDL cholesterol (mmol/L) 3.94 ± 0.55 3.97 ± 0.78 0.8% 0.96 4.11 ± 0.71 3.98 ± 0.71 −3.0% 0.36 0.42
HDL cholesterol (mmol/L) 1.27 ± 0.25 1.06 ± 0.19 −16.2% <0.001 1.26 ± 0.20 1.08 ± 0.19 −14.1% <0.001 0.29
Total/HDL cholesterol ratio 4.68 ± 1.10 5.42 ± 1.23 15.9% <0.001 4.81 ± 1.12 5.28 ± 1.24 9.9% <0.001 0.26
Triglycerides (mmol/L) a 1.84 ± 0.86 1.87 ± 0.92 1.9% 0.77 1.78 ± 0.75 1.60 ± 0.78 −10.2% 0.14 0.14
VLDL triglycerides (mmol/L) a 1.35 ± 0.78 1.40 ± 0.85 3.5% 0.64 1.29 ± 0.69 1.16 ± 0.73 −9.8% 0.25 0.18
LDL size (Å) 256.4 ± 2.8 256.3 ± 2.4 0.0% 0.64 256.1 ± 2.9 256.2 ± 2.6 0.0% 0.74 0.59
LDL-PPD (Å) 255.6 ± 2.9 255.3 ± 2.7 −0.1% 0.45 255.2 ± 3.0 255.5 ± 3.0 0.1% 0.59 0.27
Apo A-I (g/L) 1.52 ± 0.18 1.40 ± 0.16 −7.9% <0.001 1.55 ± 0.17 1.36 ± 0.18 −12.1% <0.001 0.06
Apo B (g/L) 1.11 ± 0.21 1.10 ± 0.22 −1.6% 0.29 1.13 ± 0.19 1.07 ± 0.18 −4.8% 0.02 0.37
VLDL apo B (g/L) 0.16 ± 0.08 0.16 ± 0.08 −0.5% 0.94 0.14 ± 0.06 0.13 ± 0.07 −7.2% 0.36 0.42
LDL apo B (g/L) 0.96 ± 0.15 0.94 ± 0.19 −1.8% 0.32 0.98 ± 0.17 0.94 ± 0.15 −4.4% 0.06 0.53
CRP (mg/L) 2.94 ± 1.80 3.19 ± 2.30 8.5% 0.40 3.38 ± 2.49 3.09 ± 2.33 −8.8% 0.21 0.15
Adiponectine (mmol/L) 10.52 ± 4.31 9.36 ± 4.26 −11.1% 0.01 10.80 ± 4.47 9.36 ± 4.09 −13.3% 0.001 0.58
Endothelin (pg/mL) 0.65 ± 0.25 0.57 ± 0.30 −11.5% 0.003 0.66 ± 0.35 0.55 ± 0.23 −17.6% 0.001 0.85
VCAM-1 (ng/mL) nd 655.2 ± 179.4    nd 690.7 ± 184.5 −5.1%   0.25
ICAM-1 (ng/mL) nd 203.8 ± 48.8    nd 193.9 ± 32.6 5.1%   0.22
E-selectin (ng/mL) nd 32.8 ± 15.3    nd 30.5 ± 12.3 7.5%   0.51
  1. Values are shown as mean ± SD.
  2. aValues were log-transformed before statistical analyses.
  3. Diet specific baseline values and changes in waist circumference were included as covariates in all models, except when outcomes were measured only post diet, in which case post diet waist circumference was included as a covariate. Change in waist circumference was also not included as a covariate when analysing this particular outcome. PPD: peak particle diameter, Apo: apolipoprotein, CRP: C-reactive protein, VCAM-1: vascular cell adhesion molecule 1, ICAM-1: Intercellular adhesion molecule 1, nd: not determined.