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Table 3 Estimated means of energy, total, animal and plant protein intakes, and energy percentage of protein intakes of adolescents participating in the in HELENA-CSS stratified by gender, age, tanner and BMI category

From: Dietary animal and plant protein intakes and their associations with obesity and cardio-metabolic indicators in European adolescents: the HELENA cross-sectional study

Characteristics N Energy (kcal/d) Total protein (g/d) Total protein (g/(kg.d)) Animal protein (g/d) Plant protein (g/d) Total protein Plant protein
        % energy contributing to total energy intake
   Mean intake (SD)
Total 1804 2450 (637) 96 (28) 1.7 (0.6) 58 (23) 38 (13) 15.8 (2.8) 6.2 (1.3)
Gender         
 Males 855 2792 (655) 110 (29) 1.9 (0.6) 66 (24) 43 (13) 15.9 (3.0) 6.2 (1.3)
 Females 949 2141 (428)* 83 (20)* 1.6 (0.5)* 50 (18)* 33 (10)* 15.6 (2.7) 6.3 (1.3)
Age         
 12.5-14.9 y 1032 2358 (637) 94 (28) 1.8 (0.6) 57 (22) 37 (12) 16.1 (2.9) 6.2 (1.4)
 15.0-17.5 y 772 2752 (713)** 98 (29)** 1.6 (0.5)** 58 (23) 39 (12)** 15.4 (2.8)** 6.2 (1.2)
Weight status         
 Underweight 142 2443 (631) 94 (28) 2.2 (0.7) 56 (21) 39 (12) 15.5 (2.7) 6.3 (1.2)
 Normal weight 1383 2458 (635) 96 (28)a 1.8 (0.6)a 58 (22) 38 (13) 15.7 (2.8) 6.2 (1.3)
 Overweight 222 2397 (636) 96 (29)ab 1.4 (0.4)ab 59 (24) 37 (11) 16.2 (3.0)b 6.2 (1.3)
 Obesity 57 2476 (701) 102 (33)abc 1.2 (0.4)ab 63 (27) 38 (12) 16.5 (3.1)b 6.2 (1.2)
  1. SD, standard deviation.
  2. *Mean value was significantly different between males and females by Student T- test (P < 0.05).
  3. **Mean value was significantly different from the young group (12.5-14.9 y) by Student T- test (P < 0.05).
  4. aMean value was significantly different from underweight by ANOVA, (P < 0.05, Bonferroni correction.
  5. bMean value was significantly different from normal weight by ANOVA, (P < 0.05, Bonferroni correction).
  6. cMean value was significantly different from overweight by ANOVA, (P < 0.05, Bonferroni correction).