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Table 3 Multivariate linear regression with blood lipids as a continuous dependent variable: associations with the MDS and components

From: Cross-sectional study on the relationship between the Mediterranean Diet Score and blood lipids

  Women (n = 506) Men (n = 707)
  Total cholesterol LDL cholesterol HDL cholesterol TC/HDL cholesterol Total cholesterol LDL cholesterol HDL cholesterol TC/HDL cholesterol
Component MUFA/SFA -1.95 (-8.05; 4.15) 2.80 (-3.24; 7.80) -3.54 (-6.10; -0.97)* 0.14 (0.01; 0.28)* 2.81 (-2.67; 8.28) 1.40 (-3.60; 6.40) 0.65 (-1.01; 2.31) -0.01 (-0.15; 0.13)
Component legumes -7.90 (-17.38; 1.57) -4.42 (-13.01; 4.17) -2.84 (-6.85; 1.17) -0.03 (-0.24; 0.19) 4.38 (-5.18; 13.94) 3.94 (-4.78; 12.66) -1.21 (-4.10; 1.68) 0.16 (-0.09; 0.40)
Component fruits and nuts -2.67 (-8.87; 3.53) -1.33 (-6.94; 4.28) -1.14 (-3.76; 1.48) -0.02 (-0.16; 0.12) -9.29 (-14.87; -3.71)* -9.36 (-14.44; -4.23)* 1.75 (0.05; 3.44)* -0.28 (-0.42; -0.13)*
Component vegetables -1.49 (-7.81; 4.84) -0.57 (-6.29; 5.16) 0.17 (-2.84; 2.51) -0.02 (-0.16; 0.12) -0.37 (-6.24; 5.49) 0.24 (-5.12; 5.59) -0.84 (-2.61; 0.94) 0.04 (-0.11; 0.20)
Component meat 1.45 (-5.01; 7.92) 0.65 (-6.49; 5.20) 1.27 (-1.46; 4.00) 0.02 (-0.13; 0.16) -5.99 (-11.76; -0.22)* -4.56 (-9.83; 0.71) -0.93 (-0.68; 0.82) -0.04 (-0.19; 0.11)
Component cereals -8.78 (-15.64; -1.92)* -10.88 (-17.05; -4.71)* 1.04 (-1.88; 3.96) -0.21 (-0.36; -0.05)* -1.51 (-7.71; 4.70) -0.90 (-6.56; 4.77) -1.57 (-3.44; 0.31) 0.09 (-0.06; 0.26)
Component alcohol 0.11 (-0.63; 6.45) -2.34 (-8.07; 3.39) 1.87 (-80; 4.55) -0.10 (-0.24; 0.04) 6.88 (1.42: 12.33)* 2.26 (-2.74; 7.26) 3.29 (1.66; 4.93)* -0.11 (-0.26; 0.03)
Component dairy -2.67 (-8.84; 3.35) -1.79 (-7.36; 3.81) 0.59 (-2.02; 3.20) -0.07 (-0.20; 0.07) 2.51 (-3.18; 8.19) 0.67 (-4.53; 5.86) 1.58 (-0.14; 3.29) -0.05 (-0.19; 0.10)
Component fish 2.27 (-3.81; 8.36) 0.52 (-4.99; 6.03) 1.71 (-0.86; 4.28) -0.01 (-0.15; 0.12) -0.99 (-6.48; 4.48) -1.40 (-6.40; 3.60) 0.47 (-1.19; 2.13) -0.08 (-0.22; 0.07)
Mediterranean diet score -1.36 (-3.08; 0.34) -1.19 (-2.74; 0.36) -0.07 (-0.79; 0.65) -0.02 (-0.06; 0.02) -1.01 (-2.75; 0.55) -1.66 (-3.17; -0.15)* 0.54 (0.05; 1.05)* -0.06 (-0.10; -0.02)*
  1. *p < 0.05; adjusted for age (in years), Body Mass Index (in kg/m2), total energy intake (in kcal), physical activity level (in PAL) and smoking (yes versus no).