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Table 2 Age, BMI, total energy intake, PAL and actual smokers as a function of MDS tertiles

From: Cross-sectional study on the relationship between the Mediterranean Diet Score and blood lipids

Women Mediterranean diet score  
  0 to 3 points 4 to 6 points 7 to 9 points P for trend
  Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD  
Age (years) 42.0 9.9 45.1 10.0 47.7 11.0 <0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 24.2 3.8 24.2 3.9 24.4 3.8 0.676
Total energy intake (kcal) 1883 463 2007 570 2005 481 0.105
Physical activity level 1.7 0.1 1.7 0.2 1.7 0.1 0.681
  n % n % n % P chi square
Actual smokers 26 33 45 58 7 9 0.064
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 204 35 205 37 206 42 0.758
LDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 120 31 117 33 121 37 0.920
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 66 13 68 16 66 15 0.844
Total/HDL cholesterol 3.2 0.7 3.1 0.9 3.2 0.9 0.733
Men   
  Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD  
Age (years) 43.4 11.8 46.9 10.9 49.7 11.6 <0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 25.2 3.2 25.8 3.1 25.4 3.0 0.057
Total energy intake (kcal) 2462 774 2593 771 2617 596 0.093
Physical activity level 1.8 0.2 1.8 0.3 1.8 0.3 0.222
  n % n % n % P chi square
Actual smokers 34 33 57 55 12 12 0.046
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 210 42 207 37 208 34 0.599
LDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 133 39 129 34 127 31 0.161
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 53 11 55 12 58 13 0.001
Total/HDL cholesterol 4.1 1.1 3.9 1.0 3.7 0.9 0.005