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Table 6 Literature review of demographics and FPG

From: Very low calorie diet without aspartame in obese subjects: improved metabolic control after 4 weeks treatment

Study N (♀/♂) Age BMI FPG at inclusion FPG after diet Country Comments
Present study 25 (23/2) 48.8 (1,66) 39.8 (0.9) 5.6 (5.3-6.8)# 4.8 (4.6-5.2)# Sweden 2013 7 subjects with T2DM. 4 weeks diet.
Case 125 (?/?) 48.4 (10.4)* 40.7 (9.7)* 6.4 (2.1)* 5.4 (1.2)* U.S. 2002 Metabolic syndrome. 4 weeks diet.
Wikstrand [12] 46 (?/?) 46 (9)* 35.4 (3,4)* 5.2 (0.9)* 4.8 (0.5)* Sweden 2010 Prevalence of T2DM unknown. 12 weeks diet.
- Group A
Wikstrand [12] 48 (?/?) 48 (9)* 36.1 (3.7)* 5.3 (2.2)* 4.7 (0.6)*
- Group B
Yunjuan [14] 53 (?/?) ? 32.6 (0.6) 5.3 (0.1) 5.2 (0.1) China 2013 Healthy, no T2DM. 8 weeks diet.
Jackness [15] 11 (7/4) 44.6 (3.0) 43.2 (2.3) 9.9 (1.2) 6.9 (1.2) U.S. 2013 All T2DM. 3 weeks diet.
- RYGP
Jackness [15] 14 (8/6) 51.9 (2.0) 39.2 (1.0) 10.2 (0.7) 6.1 (0.3)
- VLCD  
  1. Literature review demographics and FPG in different studies. Search was performed using http://www.pubmed.gov with “VLCD” in combination with either “glucose”, “aspartame” or “fructose” as search text. The review was arbitrarily limited to articles published the last 20 years, between 1993 and 2013 and only to include full-text publications. Abstracts were reviewed in order to find results related to the aim of this study; primary outcome FPG levels after VLCD. Fasting serum glucose was treated equal to fasting plasma glucose [11]. All studies except Jackness et al. are observational regarding VLCD. Both groups in Wikstrand et al. received similar VLCD-regime. *Presented as mean (standard deviation). Presented as mean (standard error). #Presented as median (inter quartile range).