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Table 4 Changes in metabolic variables; weight, blood pressure, glucose and lipids

From: Very low calorie diet without aspartame in obese subjects: improved metabolic control after 4 weeks treatment

All subjects
Variable Inclusion After diet, four weeks P N
Weight (kg)* 107.4 (99.6-115.1) 99.3 (92.1-106.4) 0.001 25
BMI (kg/m2)* 39.8 (38.0-41.6) 36.8 (35.1-38.6) 0.001 25
Excess weight* 40.2 (34.5-45.9) 32.1 (26.8-37.4) 0.001 25
SBP (mmHg)§ 150 (140–150) 135 (125–140) 0.005 25
DBP (mmHg)§ 85 (80–90) 90 (85–95) 0.04 25
Glucose (mmol/l)§ 5.6 (5.3-6.8) 4.8 (4.6-5.2) 0.001 24
HbA1c (mmol/mol)§ 39 (37–44) 37 (35–43) 0.001 23
Cholesterol (mmol/l)§ 5.4 (4.9-6.2) 4.4 (4.1-4.9) 0.001 22
Triglycerides (mmol/l)§ 1.6 (1.1-2.2) 1.2 (1.1-1.6) 0.006 21
Subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus
Variable Inclusion After diet, four weeks P N
Weight (kg)* 119.2 (99.3-139.1) 110.3 (91.5-129.1) 0.02 7
Glucose (mmol/l)§ 7.5 (7.0-12.5) 6.0 (4.8-6.8 0.02 7
HbA1c (mmol/mol)§ 47 (44–66) 46 (45–59) 0.11 7
  1. SBP = Systolic blood pressure. DBP = Diastolic blood pressure. *Presented as mean (95% confidence interval). §Presented as median (inter quartile range). P-value denotes the level of statistical significance in the difference between value at inclusion and after diet.