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Table 5 Frequency of reporting food categories and percent of total energy intake provided by food categories among women in the United States a and Brazil b, according to age

From: Difference in adult food group intake by sex and age groups comparing Brazil and United States nationwide surveys

Food categories UNITED STATES BRAZIL
20-39y (n = 891) 40-59y (n = 879) 60 + y (n = 988) 20-39y (n = 7,245) 40-59y (n = 4,849) 60 + y (n = 2,329)
% reporting % of energy % reporting % of energy % reporting % of energy % reporting % of energy % reporting % of energy % reporting % of energy
Milk 41.8 3.7 46.8 3.9 58.0 4.5 25.0* 2.9* 22.4* 2.4* 28.6* 3.4*
Dairy products 59.9 6.5 65.2 6.4 67.9 7.8 17.5* 2.1* 19.9* 2.3* 21.0* 2.5*
Meat 20.0 2.5 26.6 3.4 23.9 2.8 51.6* 10.6* 52.3* 10.7* 47.1* 9.9*
Poultry 27.5 3.8 27.1 3.3 20.7 2.7 29.1 5.0* 25.0 4.4* 25.0 4.5*
Fish and seafood 9.4 0.9 9.2 1.0 9.6 1.3 7.9 1.9* 8.4 2.1* 8.0 2.4*
Eggs and egg dishes 16.9 1.7 17.8 1.6 21.0 2.1 15.0 1.2 14.4 1.2* 11.2* 1.1*
Protein mixed dishes 53.9 12.9 52.2 11.7 49.5 10.9 32.7* 4.8* 32.9* 5.1* 32.3* 4.7*
Deli and cured meats 32.6 2.9 30.7 2.2 37.0 2.8 16.8* 1.3* 14.2* 1.2* 10.4* 1.0*
Beans and legumes 10.8 0.9 11.0 1.1 11.0 1.2 72.3* 8.8* 74.6* 9.6* 74.4* 9.5*
Rice and rice dishes 17.5 2.1 14.7 1.7 9.2 1.1 87.9* 11.5* 87.7* 11.6* 89.3* 11.9*
Breads 68.5 10.5 74.8 10.5 80.7 11.9 70.5 10.0 73.3 10.5 70.0* 10.4*
Savory snacks 43.2 4.5 49.4 5.3 43.2 4.2 21.9* 2.1* 21.9* 2.0* 20.6* 2.6*
Pizza and pasta 31.0 7.4 24.1 6.6 18.3 4.5 25.1 4.7* 20.8 4.2* 15.7 2.9*
Cereals and grains 28.0 3.1 34.2 3.7 48.2 5.2 12.8* 1.5* 11.7* 1.4* 16.4* 2.1*
Sweets and confections 59.5 7.0 65.7 8.8 71.3 10.1 38.5* 6.9 31.9* 6.2* 36.8* 6.0*
Fruits 36.1 2.3 46.6 3.0 62.3 4.8 36.4 3.0* 41.8 3.7* 52.1* 5.2
Vegetables 67.8 5.4 72.9 5.5 75.8 6.5 54.0* 2.9* 60.3* 3.3* 62.2* 3.4*
Coffee and tea 49.9 2.4 74.2 2.4 82.3 1.5 82.2* 6.1* 91.0* 7.7* 88.8* 7.5*
Juices 33.2 3.4 27.4 2.8 37.2 2.8 45.3* 6.4* 36.4* 5.0* 31.6 4.1*
Soft drinks 62.4 6.9 58.2 4.4 39.2 2.5 26.1* 2.0* 19.7* 1.4* 13.5* 0.8*
Alcoholic beverages 18.8 3.3 17.8 3.5 13.3 1.9 2.2* 0.4* 2.3* 0.4* 1.4* 0.2*
Spreads 27.7 1.0 29.2 1.1 39.3 1.7 42.3* 2.6* 42.7* 2.6* 40.2 2.6*
Oils and nuts 43.6 4.0 46.2 4.3 46.2 4.3 2.5* 0.1* 2.8* 0.2* 2.3* 0.1*
Sauces and condiments 48.7 1.1 43.8 1.3 36.1 0.8 1.7* 0.1* 1.8* 0.1* 1.6* 0.1*
All other foods 2.2 0.1 1.6 0.1 2.5 0.1 11.1* 1.2* 9.5* 1.2* 9.4* 1.2*
  1. aIncludes first day of intake, What We Eat in America, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007–2008.
  2. bIncludes first day of intake, Household Budget Survey, Individual Food Intake 2008–2009.
  3. *Statistically different at p < 0.05.