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Table 4 Frequency of reporting food categories and percent of total energy intake provided by food categories among men in the United States a and Brazil b, according to age

From: Difference in adult food group intake by sex and age groups comparing Brazil and United States nationwide surveys

Food categories UNITED STATES BRAZIL
20-39y (n = 860) 40-59y (n = 843) 60 + y (n = 959) 20-39y (n = 5,930) 40-59y (n = 4,044) 60 + y (n = 1,993)
% reporting % of energy % reporting % of energy % reporting % of energy % reporting % of energy % reporting % of energy % reporting % of energy
Milk 40.1 3.2 46.0 3.4 55.6 4.2 23.1* 2.4 18.9* 1.8* 21.4* 2.3*
Dairy products 56.5 4.6 63.8 5.6 62.0 6.2 16.7* 1.7* 15.6* 1.7* 17.3* 2.0*
Meat 27.0 4.1 32.2 4.3 26.9 3.7 59.1* 11.6* 59.5* 12.3* 53.2* 11.5*
Poultry 28.3 4.0 27.8 3.8 19.6 2.6 28.3 4.6 27.4 4.8 26.2* 4.4*
Fish and seafood 10.1 0.9 10.2 1.4 10.8 1.4 8.3 2.0* 8.4 2.1 8.4 2.4*
Eggs and egg dishes 19.7 1.8 23.9 2.3 26.8 2.5 17.8 1.4 17.8* 1.4* 15.8* 1.4*
Protein mixed dishes 56.9 14.0 55.1 12.6 54.8 12.4 35.3* 5.1* 32.2* 4.5* 30.2* 4.5*
Deli and cured meats 34.7 3.4 40.7 4.1 45.6 4.0 19.8* 1.6* 17.2* 1.5* 14.1* 1.5*
Beans and legumes 12.7 1.1 11.8 1.0 11.4 1.4 81.2* 11.0* 83.1* 12.1* 81.2* 11.6*
Rice and rice dishes 18.8 2.3 16.4 2.0 12.9 1.6 91.0* 13.3* 91.1* 13.6* 87.4* 13.0*
Breads 72.8 9.6 81.2 10.8 82.9 11.2 68.7 9.2 69.0* 9.3* 68.4* 9.8*
Savory snacks 42.4 4.2 43.5 4.0 40.8 3.8 15.7* 1.8* 13.7* 1.1* 17.0* 1.3*
Pizza and pasta 31.3 9.3 23.7 6.5 16.1 4.2 27.2 4.7* 21.8 4.1* 17.8 2.9*
Cereals and grains 26.0 2.5 26.2 2.5 42.5 4.2 11.5* 1.3* 10.7* 1.2* 14.6* 1.9*
Sweets and confections 49.5 5.2 57.2 7.7 66.5 8.6 28.8* 5.0 27.3* 4.2* 30.1* 4.5
Fruits 35.3 1.9 39.1 1.9 55.5 3.7 26.3* 2.1 32.7 2.8* 39.7* 4.0*
Vegetables 61.2 4.4 69.3 5.5 74.0 6.4 51.9* 2.8* 59.5* 3.1* 58.4* 3.4*
Coffee and tea 48.5 1.6 70.2 1.9 84.3 1.5 78.6* 4.9* 89.7* 6.2* 92.2* 7.2*
Juices 37.4 3.4 29.7 2.5 35.3 2.5 41.9 5.5* 34.6 4.4* 30.8 3.8*
Soft drinks 69.4 7.6 62.7 5.2 48.1 2.8 31.1* 2.4* 22.0* 1.6* 14.1* 0.9*
Alcoholic beverages 34.5 6.0 28.8 5.5 26.5 4.3 7.2* 1.5* 9.9* 2.5* 6.9* 1.6*
Spreads 19.6 0.7 28.8 1.1 35.8 1.5 38.7* 2.2* 36.7* 2.3* 36.2 2.3*
Oils and nuts 37.4 3.1 43.7 3.5 44.2 4.4 2.5* 0.1* 2.3* 0.1* 2.5* 0.1*
Sauces and condiments 50.9 1.0 51.3 1.0 46.9 0.8 1.9* #* 2.1* 0.1* 1.3* #*
All other foods 3.9 0.4 1.6 0.1 2.8 0.2 14.1* 1.7* 12.5* 1.5* 14.1* 2.0*
  1. aIncludes first day of intake, What We Eat in America, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007–2008.
  2. bIncludes first day of intake, Household Budget Survey, Individual Food Intake 2008–2009.
  3. #indicates a non-zero estimates too small to display.
  4. *Statistically different at p <0.05.