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Table 4 Change in frequency, total intake and portion size of consumption of de-promoted food groups by intervention assignment among adult Inuit and Inuvialuit

From: Impact of the Healthy Foods North nutrition intervention program on Inuit and Inuvialuit food consumption and preparation methods in Canadian Arctic communities

De-promoted food groups Intervention Control Δ intervention vs. Δ control2
Pre (n = 221) Post (n = 221) 1 Pre (n = 111) Post (n = 111) 1
Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD
Frequency (time/day)              
High-fat meats 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.3 −0.2 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.0 0.4 −0.2
High-fat dairy products 0.2 0.4 0.1 0.4 −0.1 * 0.5 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.1 * 0.5 −0.2
Refined grain products 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.0 0.8 0.9 0.6 1.2 1.0 0.3 1.0 −0.3*
Unhealthy drinks 1.3 1.0 1.3 1.1 0.0 1.1 1.3 1.1 1.6 1.1 0.3 * 1.2 −0.3*
Unhealthy snacks 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.0 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.4 −0.0
Unhealthy additions 2.0 1.5 2.3 1.5 0.3 * 1.4 2.0 1.4 2.4 1.5 0.4 1.4 −0.1
Total Intake (g/day)              
High-fat meats 46 72 27 47 −19.0 66.8 24 24 33 73 8.9 69.6 −27.9
High-fat dairy products 19 88 11 41 −8.0 91.3 6 17 18 52 11.8 * 50.7 −19.8*
Refined grain products 69 67 69 77 0.7 85.9 110 127 112 132 2.3 150.5 −1.6
Unhealthy drinks 754 885 587 846 −166.6 * 808.2 727 785 749 966 21.9 1028.3 −188.5
Unhealthy snacks3 49 156 17 24 −31.5 * 153.9 36 70 17 21 −18.6 * 68.8 −12.93
Unhealthy additions 48 52 37 40 −11.1 47.3 45 55 33 46 −12.1 * 53.8 0.9
Portion size (g/day)              
High-fat meats 281 199 195 161 −85.6 196.8 232 168 219 244 −12.6 244.0 −73.0*
High-fat dairy products 35 131 26 76 −8.3 142.6 28 81 42 92 14 114.0 −22.3
Refined grain products 204* 136 178* 110 −26.6 155.9 274 186 216 116 −57.6 181.7 31.0
Unhealthy drinks 944 829 723 615 −221.2 703.7 946* 639 778* 511 −168.4 625.9 −52.8
Unhealthy snacks3 106 129 58 41 −48.3 127.7 138 109 65 36 −73.8 116.6 25.5
Unhealthy additions 56 52 42 48 −13.9 49.7 56* 59 40* 50 −16.3 54.3 2.4
  1. 1Δ Change between post and pre intervention in intervention or control group = [mean (post – pre)].
  2. 2Δ Change intervention vs. Δ control = [mean (post – pre in intervention group)] – [mean (post – pre in control group)].
  3. 3A Wilcoxon Signed Rank Sum Test was performed.
  4. A t- test was performed on all other p-values.
  5. * p ≤ 0.05; ‡ p ≤ 0.001; p ≤ 0.0001.