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Table 1 Physical characteristics of the study participants 1

From: The study of anthropometric estimates in the visceral fat of healthy individuals

  Modeling group (n = 152)  
Variable Male (n = 87) Female (n = 65) P 2
Age (year) 28.56 ± 11.20 (18.7, 65.5) 33.28 ± 16.23 (18.5, 74.8) **
Height (cm) 173.39 ± 7.85 (165.0, 195.5) 160.84 ± 6.24 (163.6,174.0) ***
Weight (kg) 74.41 ± 14.17 (50.0, 121.6) 59.66 ± 9.35 (52.0, 98.0) ***
BMI (kg/m2) 24.68 ± 4.04 (16.3, 39.9) 23.15 ± 3.93 (16.2, 37.8) *
Waist circumference (cm) 82.41 ± 10.82 (69.0, 122.5) 81.11 ± 10.39 (68.0, 115.0) NS
Hip circumference (cm) 98.50 ± 7.98 (87.5, 120.0) 97.81 ± 7.86 (87.5, 125.5) NS
ACSACT (cm) 478.61 ± 142.62 (284.4,1004.8) 448.48 ± 122.94 (288.7,875.2) NS
VFACT (cm) 51.49 ± 40.71 (6.5, 179.5) 58.80 ± 37.88 (13.0, 218.8) NS
SFACT (cm) 112.56 ± 97.66 (2.7, 513.2) 165.59 ± 99.25 (20.5, 488.8) ***
Waist-hip ratio (WHR) 0.83 ± 0.06 (0.72, 1.02) 0.83 ± 0.06 (0.73, 1.08) NS
Subcutaneous fat thickness (SFT)      
  Abdominal, AS (mm) 18.34 ± 13.29 (2.5, 59.5) 23.91 ± 14.12 (1.0, 62.0) **
  Suprailiac, SS (mm) 18.56 ± 13.33 (1.8, 59.8) 24.02 ± 14.11 (1.0, 62.5) **
  Armpit, ARS (mm) 15.67 ± 11.48 (4.0, 59.0) 23.88 ± 14.37 (3.0, 55.0) ***
  Triceps, TS (mm) 16.08 ± 11.77 (4.0, 58.0) 24.07 ± 14.51 (3.0, 56.0) ***
  Subscapular, SUS (mm) 15.99 ± 11.53 (4.0, 60.0) 23.72 ± 14.58 (3.0, 58.0) ***
  Back, BS (mm) 15.91 ± 11.56 (4.0, 59.0) 24.02 ± 14.53 (3.0, 56.3) ***
  Thigh, THS (mm) 12.41 ± 8.63 (3.0, 38.0) 19.63 ± 14.30 (3.0, 77.0) ***
  Calf, CAS (mm) 12.65 ± 8.84 (3.0, 42.0) 19.07 ± 12.92 (3.5, 55.0) ***
  Chin, CHS (mm) 12.69 ± 8.77 (2.5, 40.5) 19.02 ± 12.97 (3.0, 56.0) ***
  Chest, CS (mm) 12.58 ± 8.72 (2.8, 40.2) 19.25 ± 12.72 (3.2, 55.0) ***
  Validation group ( n= 75)
  Male ( n= 43) Female ( n= 32) P 2
Age (year) 26.13 ± 12.63 (18.2, 70.8) 27.07 ± 8.11 (18.9, 46.4) NS
Height (cm) 174.64 ± 8.51 (159.4, 197.0) 161.35 ± 5.53 (156.0,173.5) ***
Weight (kg) 77.03 ± 10.19 (61.5, 102.0) 62.58 ± 15.52 (47.6, 106.0) ***
BMI (kg/m2) 25.27 ± 3.02 (20.3, 32.6) 24.00 ± 5.60 (17.3, 38.0) NS
Waist circumference (cm) 84.82 ± 10.00 (68.0, 109.0) 82.36 ± 13.00 (67.6, 122.0) NS
Hip circumference (cm) 100.13 ± 5.68 (88.0, 113.6) 99.64 ± 11.64 (86.0, 129.0) NS
ACSACT (cm) 485.40 ± 119.58 (323.7, 795.6) 472.40 ± 164.72 (294.7,995.2) NS
VFACT (cm) 53.09 ± 40.84 (8.2, 166.2) 58.98 ± 36.17 (18.7, 171.1) NS
SFACT (cm) 123.26 ± 90.85 (10.5, 388.0) 171.34 ± 118.66 (8.1, 506.8) NS
Waist-hip ratio (WHR) 0.85 ± 0.06 (0.73, 1.00) 0.82 ± 0.06 (0.73, 0.96) NS
Subcutaneous fat thickness (SFT)      
  Abdominal, AS (mm) 18.33 ± 14.64 (3.0, 57.0) 26.02 ± 14.82 (3.0, 60.0) *
  Suprailiac, SS (mm) 18.53 ± 14.56 (3.0, 56.5) 26.42 ± 14.76 (3.0, 55.0) *
  Armpit, ARS (mm) 17.90 ± 14.27 (3.5, 61.0) 24.58 ± 13.92 (3.0, 55.0) *
  Triceps, TS (mm) 18.27 ± 14.24 (4.0, 60.5) 24.39 ± 13.72 (2.0, 55.0) NS
  Subscapular, SUS (mm) 18.24 ± 14.12 (3.0, 62.0) 24.47 ± 13.81 (4.0, 57.0) NS
  Back, BS (mm) 18.14 ± 14.19 (3.5, 61.2) 24.48 ± 13.77 (3.0, 55.7) *
  Thigh, THS (mm) 12.80 ± 9.37 (2.5, 42.0) 20.11 ± 11.23 (2.0, 52.5) **
  Calf, CAS (mm) 13.08 ± 9.54 (3.0, 42.2) 20.41 ± 12.54 (2.5, 52.0) **
  Chin, CHS (mm) 12.89 ± 9.17 (3.0, 41.0) 20.09 ± 12.43 (3.0, 53.0) **
  Chest, CS (mm) 12.92 ± 9.34 (2.8, 41.8) 20.20 ± 12.38 (2.5, 52.5) **
  1. 1All values are x ¯ ± SD ; minimum and maximum in parentheses;
  2. 2Significantly different from male (one-factor ANOVA): NS, not statistically significant;
  3. *P < 0.05; **P < 0.01; ***P < 0.001;
  4. BMI: Body mass index; SFA, subcutaneous fat area; VFA, visceral fat area; ACSA, abdominal cross-sectional area.