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Table 1 Effects of a 3-year dietary intervention on anthropometric and biochemical markers

From: Effects of a 3-year dietary intervention on age-related changes in triglyceride and apolipoprotein A-V levels in patients with impaired fasting glucose or new-onset type 2 diabetes as a function of the APOA5 -1131 T > C polymorphism

  Pre-treatment Post-treatment P-value
Male/female (%) 58.6/41.4  
Age (year) 48.2±0.64 51.3±0.64 <0.001
Weight (kg) 66.6±0.72 66.3±0.71 0.210
Body mass index (kg/m2) 24.6±0.21 24.5±0.20 0.285
Systolic BP (mmHg) 121.1±0.97 122.4±0.96 0.158
Diastolic BP (mmHg) 74.9±0.72 75.8±0.75 0.171
Total cholesterol (mg/dL) 194.8±2.29 198.0±2.87 0.362
LDL cholesterol (mg/dL) 117.9±2.20 123.2±2.73 0.110
HDL cholesterol (mg/dL) 52.7±0.98 50.3±1.02 0.002
Triglycerides (mg/dL) 122.8±4.93 127.6±5.82 0.714
Glucose (mg/dL) 109.8±0.67 108.3±1.28 0.004
Insulin (μIU/mL) 9.04±0.26 8.27±0.27 <0.001
1HOMA-IR 2.47±0.08 2.24±0.09 <0.001
2hs-CRP (mg/dL) 1.24±0.12 1.31±0.27 0.451
Free fatty acids (μEq/L) 531.4±15.1 498.7±16.2 0.014
Apolipoprotein A-V (ng/mL) 202.4±7.44 186.4±6.85 0.030
3ba-PWV (cm/sec) 2694.2±28.7 2758.3±31.1 0.002
4MDA (nmol/mL) 10.4±0.21 11.4±0.27 0.003
Total energy expenditure (kcal) 2146.8±21.5 2118.5±18.4 0.012
Estimates of daily nutrient intake    
 Energy intake (kcal) 2196.3±22.3 2162.7±20.3 0.009
 Carbohydrate (%) 61.7±0.10 57.5±0.07 <0.001
 Protein (%) 16.9±0.08 17.5±0.06 <0.001
 Fat (%) 21.7±0.11 22.9±0.09 <0.001
 Crude fiber (g) 11.3±0.43 15.0±0.56 <0.001
5PUFA/SFA 1.73±0.07 2.08±0.08 0.003
  1. Mean ± SE, n = 203. Log-transformed, P-values derived from paired t-test.
  2. 1HOMA-IR = {fasting insulin (μIU/mL) × fasting glucose (mmol/L)}/22.5. 2hs-CRP = high sensitivity C-reactive protein. 3ba-PWV = brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity. 4MDA = malondialdehyde. 5PUFA/SFA = ratio of polyunsaturated to saturated fatty acids.