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Table 3 Association between changes in BDI score and changes in CRP, leptin and insulin

From: A decline in inflammation is associated with less depressive symptoms after a dietary intervention in metabolic syndrome patients: a longitudinal study

  Change in BDI score
Changes in: B 95% CI p
CRP mg/L    
 Unadjusted model 0.25 0.01 to 0.49 0.043
 Model 1 0.27 0.03 to 0.51 0.029
 Model 2 0.26 0.01 to 0.50 0.044
 Model 3 0.28 0.06 to 0.51 0.015
Leptin ng/mL    
 Unadjusted model 0.18 0.07 to 0.29 0.002
 Model 1 0.21 0.10 to 0.32 0.001
 Model 2 0.22 0.08 to 0.36 0.012
 Model 3 0.17 0.04 to 0.30 0.013
Insulin μU/mL    
 Unadjusted model 0.21 0.02 to 0.40 0.026
 Model 1 0.25 0.07 to 0.42 0.006
 Model 2 0.33 0.15 to 0.52 0.001
 Model 3 0.18 −0.01 to 0.36 0.059
  1. The table shows B coefficients (95% CI) and p-value. Changes (6 months-baseline), n = 60. Abbreviation: BDI, Beck Depression Inventory; CRP, C-reactive protein.
  2. Model 1: Adjusted by sex, age and dietary group. Model 2: Model 1 additionally adjusted for changes in activity level. Model 3: Model 1 additionally adjusted for changes in body fat (kg).