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Table 2 The frequency of unhealthy food consumption by age group, breastfeeding status and region of residence in children under 1 year of age in the Brazilian capitals and the Federal District, 2008

From: The consumption of unhealthy foods by Brazilian children is influenced by their mother’s educational level

  Processed juice Sodas Coffee Cookie/Salted Snacks Sugar/Honey  
  n % n % n % n % n %
Age group p = 0.0001   p = 0.0006   p = 0.0001   p = 0.0001   p = 0.0001  
0 to 5.9 m 289 1.6 70 0.8 96 0.5 867 4.7 2638 14.3
6 to 12 m 1797 11.8 1261 8.2 1040 6.8 8981 59 7609 49.9
Breastfeeding status p = 0.0001   p = 0.0001   p = 0.0001   p = 0.0001   p = 0.0001  
Yes 1341 5.1 910 3.5 769 2.9 6343 24.3 6498 24.8
No 727 10.0 405 5.6 359 4.9 3432 47.4 3665 50.4
Child’ sex p = 0.9044   p = 0.8937   p = 0.2215   p = 0.0498   p = 0.3043  
Female 1030 6.1 654 3.9 543 3.2 5001 29.9 4961 29.7
Male 1056 6.2 677 4.0 593 3.5 4847 28.6 5286 31.1
Mothers’ age p = 0.7193   p = 0.0008   p = 0.0034   p = 0.7381   p = 0.0165  
<20 years 341 6.8 259 5.2 228 4.6 1408 28.3 1571 31.5
20 to 35 years 1233 5.8 775 3.7 660 3.1 5934 28.2 6103 28.9
≥35 years 138 4.4 87 2.79 68 2.2 821 26.5 809 26.0
Maternal work p = 0.0237   p = 0.0001   p = 0.0001   p = 0.0001   p = 0.0001  
Outside the home 428 7.5 228 4.0 193 3.4 2095 37.0 2020 35.6
Not working/Maternity license 1237 5.6 854 3.8 732 3.3 5770 26.0 6057 27.3
Maternal education level p = 0.0003   p = 0.0001   p = 0.0001   p = 0.0001   p = 0.0001  
No schooling 65 10.4 38 6.0 39 6.2 215 34.3 245 38.9
Elementary school 702 6.5 539 5.0 483 4.5 3218 30.2 3460 32.4
High school 769 5.5 459 3.3 385 2.8 3794 27.5 3950 28.5
College 208 4.9 96 2.3 64 1.5 1028 24.4 934 22.1
Region of residence p = 0.0001   p = 0.2944   p = 0.061   p = 0.0001   p = 0.0001  
North 633 8.0 485 6.1 387 4.9 1904 24.3 2444 31.0
Northeast 409 3.4 229 1.9 276 2.3 3432 29.0 4052 34.2
Midwest 369 8.2 200 4.4 156 3.5 1422 31.7 1177 26.2
Southeast 421 6.7 275 4.3 176 2.8 2022 32.2 1686 26.7
South 254 7.9 142 4.4 141 4.4 1068 33.3 888 27.7