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Table 2 Erythrocyte antioxidant enzyme activity and plasma glutathione status

From: Avenanthramide supplementation attenuates exercise-induced inflammation in postmenopausal women

  SOD GPX GSH GSSG GSH:GSSG
C AVA C AVA C AVA C AVA C AVA
Pre-Supplementation Rest 408 ± 20.6 410 ± 19.9 440 ± 18.9 452 ± 16.2 5.90 ± 0.19 5.90 ± 0.10 1.10 ± 0.09 1.10 ± 0.13 5.36 ± 0.20 5.36 ± 0.19
24 h Post-DW 393 ± 34.6 436 ± 10.0 399 ± 19.7 445 ± 19.3 6.57 ± 0.19 6.26 ± 0.12 1.15 ± 0.08 1.20 ± 0.10* 5.71 ± 0.21 5.20 ± 0.04
48 h Post-DW 383 ± 15.3 403 ± 20.3 406 ± 14.1 436 ± 50.2 6.44 ± 0.21 7.05 ± 0.12 1.07 ± 0.10 1.14 ± 0.13 6.03 ± 0.22* 6.18 ± 0.17*
Post-Supplementation Rest 374 ± 38.7 419 ± 21.1 419 ± 14.1 319 ± 17.9¥ 5.76 ± 0.17 6.46 ± 0.20 1.07 ± 0.07 1.16 ± 0.12 5.41 ± 0.15 5.59 ± 0.13
24 h Post-DW 353 ± 23.6 362 ± 60.1 376 ± 11.9 312 ± 24.6¥ 6.00 ± 0.15 6.65 ± 0.18 1.19 ± 0.05* 1.19 ± 0.13 5.03 ± 0.17 5.57 ± 0.10
48 h Post-DW 389 ± 17.5 449 ± 6.5§ 397 ± 11.9 336 ± 61.9 6.27 ± 0.08 6.48 ± 0.15 1.02 ± 0.07 1.10 ± 0.06 6.16 ± 0.16* 5.89 ± 0.17
  1. Note: Data are mean ± SEM (N = 8). SOD, superoxidae dismutase. Gpx, glutathione peroxidase. GSH, reduced glutathione; GSSG, glutathione disulfide. DW, downhill walking (see text for details). * P < 0.05, 24 or 48 h Post-DW vs. Rest. § P < 0.05, Post-supplementation vs. Presupplementation. ¥ 0.05 < P < 0.1, AVA vs. Control.