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Table 2 Adiposity marker classification in patients with type 2 diabetes, stratified by CHD risk

From: Adiposity markers and risk of coronary heart disease in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

  All patients High risk (≥20%) Low-moderate risk (<20%) P a
n 420 99 321 -
Body mass index classification (WHO criteria) b 162 (38.6%) 30 (30.3%) 132 (41.1%) 0.030
Obesity (≥30.0 kg/m 2 )  
Waist circumference (IDF criteria) c: 361 (86.0%) 83 (83.8%) 278 (86.6%) 0.294
>80 cm for females and >94 cm for males  
Waist-to-hip ratio (WHO criteria) b: 398 (94.8%) 97 (98.0%) 301 (93.8%) 0.080
>0.85 for females and >0.90 for males  
Waist-to-height ratio d : >0.5 407 (96.9%) 96 (97.0%) 311 (96.9%) 0.630
Conicity index (mean): >1.35 211 (50.2%) 60 (60.6%) 151 (47.0%) 0.012
Body adiposity index (mean): 208 (49.5%) 47 (47.5%) 161 (50.2%) 0.363
>35 for females and >25 for males  
  1. CHD, coronary heart disease. The 10-year risk of fatal CHD was estimated according to UKPDS risk engine scores. Data are expressed as number of patients with the analyzed characteristic (%). aChi-square; abnormal levels for each adiposity marker defined as values higher than the sample mean (conicity and body adiposity indexes) or using well-known cutoffs established in the literature: bWHO criteria (1998); cInternational Diabetes Federation criteria for the European population (2005); dBrowning et al. (2010), Nutr Res Rev.