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Table 1 Characteristics of participants in the study according to diet

From: Increased dietary α-linolenic acid has sex-specific effects upon eicosapentaenoic acid status in humans: re-examination of data from a randomised, placebo-controlled, parallel study

  1.5 g/d ALA 9.5 g/d ALA P value
  Male Female Male Female Sex Diet Sex*diet
  (n = 11) (n = 10) (n = 13) (n = 10)    
Age (y) 52.9 ± 13.7 53.0 ± 11.2 50.5 ± 12.7 53.5 ± 12.0 0.68 0.80 0.70
Weight (kg) 82.3 ± 8.8 62.9 ± 7.4* 84.7 ± 14.3 69.9 ± 9.2* <0.001 0.15 0.47
BMI (kg/m2) 26.4 ± 2.7 24.2 ± 3.1 27.3 ± 3.9 25.6 ± 2.6 0.053 0.24 0.82
ALA dose per kg body weight (mg/d) 18.4 ± 1.9 24.2 ± 2.6* 115.5 ± 22.0 137.8 ± 16.8* 0.003 <0.001 0.067
Baseline plasma phospholipid n-3 fatty acid status (% total fatty acids)
   ALA (18:3n-3) 0.3 ± 0.1 0.4 ± 0.1 0.3 ± 0.1 0.3 ± 0.1 0.63 0.20 0.75
   EPA (20:5n-3) 0.9 ± 0.8 1.1 ± 0.9 0.8 ± 0.6 0.8 ± 0.5 0.55 0.48 0.73
   DPA (22:5n-3) 2.1 ± 1.5 1.6 ± 0.7 1.9 ± 0.7 1.8 ± 0.9 0.34 0.98 0.63
   DHA (22:6n-3) 4.4 ± 1.3 4.2 ± 1.3 3.5 ± 1.0 3.2 ± 0.9 0.63 0.008 0.86
  1. Data are mean ± SD.
  2. *Significantly different from males in same dietary group (p < 0.05, independent mean t-test). Significant effect of diet within same sex (p < 0.05, independent mean t-test).