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Table 5 Fatigue scores in MetS patients at baseline and post-fasting in two groups a

From: L-carnitine ameliorated fasting-induced fatigue, hunger, and metabolic abnormalities in patients with metabolic syndrome: a randomized controlled study

  Control group Carnitine group ΔP-value
  Baseline Post-fasting P-valueb Change Baseline Post-fasting P-valueb Change
Physical fatigue (0–16) 5.1 ± 2.77 6.9 ± 3.75 0.014 1.8 ± 2.04 6.5 ± 4.11 3.3 ± 3.50 0.001 -3.2 ± 3.17 <0.001
Mental fatigue (0–10) 3.3 ± 2.24 3.3 ± 1.95 1.00 0.0 ± 1.79 3.9 ± 2.25 1.8 ± 1.99 <0.001 -2.2 ± 1.23 0.001
Fatigue Severity (9–63) 27.4 ± 11.26 35.55 ± 11.02 0.004 8.2 ± 7.32 34.8 ± 14.65 23.2 ± 11.72 <0.001 -11.6 ± 8.38 <0.001
  1. aVariables are expressed as mean ± SD.
  2. bP-value was determined by paired test.
  3. Δ P-value was determined by unpaired test between groups in difference.